Lobbying is the is the effort to influence policy formulation and decision-making with a view to obtaining some designated result from government authorities and elected representatives (Council of Europe, 2013). 'Pressure groups' are a key element of politics and their activity is an indispensable and legitimate aspect of the legislative process. However, in light of recent scandals involving lobbyists and legislators, the public perception of the phenomenon is highly-distorted. Lobbying is reduced to a grey area where individual interests meet those of the political class. This conception of lobbying is closely linked to the lack of effective regulatory regimes.
To reveal his position and to prove the growing impact of the official position and media on the perception of crucial problems by Americans, Gore researches and criticizes of George W. Bush and his administration in reference to the United States of America post-9/11 policies. to place it more accurately, he argues that the Bush administration skillfully used the shock that affected the country once the fear attacks, so as to attain its own goals, as well as the war in Iraq and Afghanistan. The author stands on the bottom that the
This paper will analyze the role that NATO played in ending the Cold War according to the different international relation perspectives and the effect that the Cold War had on the different theoretical perspectives. Realism, one of the oldest and most fundamental perspectives of international relations focuses on a states material power in regards to the rest of the international system. According to realists, one of the main ways that a state is able to retain and protect its material power is through balancing. Steven Walt, a realist scholar claims that the balance of threat insinuates that states form alliances in order to protect themselves from other states that not only have greater power but also have a higher level of perceived threat due to various factors (Walt, 1985). Realists view NATO as a military alliance that was established out of the need for the
With Americans embracing the American Dream, bureaucratic agencies should implement laws and make rules that would make this American Dream realistic. For this reason, this paper aims to elaborate how bureaucracies kill the American Dream. Bureaucracy is a term which is very unpopular to citizens. However, these bureaucrats exercise power which has been subject to several debates because they are less visible and they are only appointed by the president with the approval of the Senate (Colemn et al.) Policy decisions made by the president, the Congress, or the Supreme Court are most likely to be implemented by bureaucrats.
And the last one is about the struggles of the late President George Bush and the Congress in finding ways of balancing the budget without increasing the taxes. Knowing the roots of a certain subject matter would help us appreciate and further nurture it. For this reason, it is very important to know the history and evolution of political science to have a fuller and deeper understanding of its significance. The world politics came from the Greek word polis, which means “city-state”. Politics is inevitable, it is all around us it structures our lives and defines the range of our options and choices.
In Orwell‚Äôs novel, the character Winston struggles with a moral dilemma as he works his government job changing historical documents, and changing the past. In today‚Äôs world where ‚Äúfake news‚Äù runs rampant and every tweet from the the President of the United States needs to be fact-checked, manipulation of the past seems eerily familiar. In the words of Winston, ‚Äúwhen memory failed and written records were falsified...the claim of the [government] to have improved the conditions of human life had...to be accepted‚Äù (Orwell 93). With the claim that internet surveillance will improve society, whether through prevention of terrorism or hate speech, who is to say that this is not just an Orwellian manipulation of information to create the illusion of good? In reality, by monitoring the activities of people online, companies such as Facebook, Google, and Twitter are able to find what makes their sites addicting, and then correlate those factors with advertisements, and news releases.
After the fall of the Soviet Union (USSR), the United States (US) being the only superpower remaining, becomes a global hegemon. The hegemonic stability theory explains that because hegemon faces no power challenges and have the power to remove regional conflict, it reduces interstate conflict over security concerns and ensure peace. This essentially increases the prominence of non-state actors in the international arena and shifts the focus of interstate Cold War security concerns to contemporary security issues like nuclear weapons proliferation and possession, terrorism and civil wars, particularly ethnic civil wars. Although realism still provides some framework to explaining new security issues, it is too rooted in its assumptions and static that realism is no longer appropriate as the core theory in studying international security. One source of security concern during the Cold War is the possession of nuclear weapons which raises the stakes of war with its high destructive power and disastrous
A diplomat is known as a representative of government who conducts relations with another government in the interest of his own country (Van Dinh, 1987). A diplomat can also be said as a person skilled in dealing with other people or who is a good negotiator as diplomacy is all about negotiating. One more thing of note about diplomacy is that; diplomatic relations remain uninterrupted when there is change of government. An example in support of the above statement is that the US maintained full relations with the Jacobin revolutionary of France during the reign of
As the importance of social media for government communications increases, it also relies on public relations theories and public diplomacy research. Governments have noticed that tactics of traditional media associations, non-transparent and one-way messaging can no longer be legitimized in the eyes of stakeholders. The legitimization of nations and governments was made different from the traditional public diplomacy scholarship, which was conducted as actors, focusing on dialogue, building relationships, mutual understanding, and peoples. In today 's digital media environment, strategic communication like genre applied in relation to active people has the potential to solve the problems of foreign public opinion and misconceptions. Zhong and Lu found a change in public diplomacy practices in communicating with the US Embassy using Chinese blogs and micro blog sites.
In his essay he explains the importance of the media and its effect on the general public. The media is supposed to be just like a warrior fighting with a pen or like a mirror which shows us or strives to show us the bare truth and astringent realities of life. However, in recent years the media has, like other agencies, come under the influence of politicians. Therefore, the media no more writes about the people’s grievance but in support of the ruling government party. It has been contaminated by political influences.