Public transport is part of the national economic, energy and environmental challenges that help improve quality of life. More and more people are using public transport, and local communities are expanding public transport services. Social, personal, family, community and business sectors benefit from public transport. Public transport provides personal mobility and freedom for people's lives. Access to public transport allows people to have transportation to work, go to school, go to college or go to the office.
Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Introduction As a developing country, development process is important to the country. Good development will improve the lives of people in various aspects. One of the aspect that is important in the development is transportation. Almost all human activities depend on the use of transportation, especially public transport. Public transport is growing along with the progress of human life and culture.
Abstract: Transport technology in the world is getting better and smarter that has spread to all areas of people’s life. Today, peoples are searching and looking for easier techniques, convenience and efficient ways in their life. Systems of transportation which the modern world can make traffic management better and safer. Transportation has being changed by new technologies, such as Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). This system will help to meet many challenges and demand placed on transportation system.
cal/Cultural aspect: The inner-city historical centres have been a primary target in urban revitalization initiatives, from a building assets renewal and historical conservation point of view. According to Ebbe (2009), the conservation of cultural heritage supports urban revitalization by preserving city liveability, increasing competitiveness, and creating a wide range of income-earning opportunities. Furthermore, traffic emissions, pollution, noise, and vibration are significant parameters that affect negatively the heritage structures and their survival through time. (Garcia.C et al) As discussed above, revitalization does not necessarily mean entire demolition and redevelopment. It is just improvement in the existing conditions by changing
Public transport social’ behavioral intention is an important factor that should be managed well and effectively by public transport service provider. This because behavioral intention can provide many strategic advantages, such as increased in the number of public transport service users, positive word of mouth communication, and increased in revenue. Furthermore, passenger loyalty can be maintained through passengers’ behavioral intention and it is also a effective weapon to attract the new ones. (Jen, W. & Tu, R. & Lu, T, 2011) Regarding to our study, public transport passengers’ behavioral intention also known as passengers’ loyalty, is defined as the passengers’ high commitment to maintain using same public transport services even though
Nowadays, any system that collect reliable traffic information which is useful for wide population must be in mind for the society because the information increases the ability of improvement of any community. The information in our society is power and everybody try to get it from any trustworthy source. Moreover, if these information is not available using any other business activity then, the system innovates and improves the current commercial systems. The traffic information is available today using several kind of dispositives. The local, regional or national governments uses the traffic information for maintenance services, for traffic statistics or for traffic light coordination.
It will help in providing the information on the costs and benefits of different transport modes and conditions to help calculate incremental benefits and costs from various TDM strategies. There is a broad range of TDM measures including: Transportation management associations: leverage public and private funds to increase the use of ridesharing and other commuting options that reduce traffic congestion and improve air quality. Including or improving pedestrian-oriented design elements, such as short pedestrian crossings, wide sidewalks and street
Urbanisation plays a vital role in the social structure of countries and in national and regional economies worldwide. In theory and in popular opinion, cities offer opportunities for education, employment, services, and cultural enrichment, and the expectation of better health. In reality, these opportunities may not be as uniformly promising as hoped. Urbanisation is seen as a natural outcome of growth. The rapid increase in urban population worldwide is one among the significant global health issues of the 21stcentury.
Also, it is looking for generating value for people to which they can cope with life and world changes. In order to reach their goals and be smart cities, countries need to pay attention to the economic value of the city, the social environment, and the environmental effects in the transformation process. Reviewing our traditional way of living in any cities and compare it with smart cities, it is obvious that the improvement in transportation and the routine day to day activities became easier. Technology is leading smart cities as well as innovation because they need to stay competitive. So, we need to highlight the importance of innovation in the success of smart cities and how it works effectively to obtain its goals and objectives.
The rapid growth of urbanization is a continuing process in developing countries including Pakistan. Urbanization is highly effective for economic growth as cities are called engines of growth. Urbanization produces economies of scale for entrepreneurs and provides higher wages and dividends. It also plays its part in reducing rural poverty. Mathur (2013) says there is strong relationship between urbanization and increased GDP and migration to the city provides a route out of poverty for many people.