The choice of used methods can only be based on the goal of finding the truth. When judging other publications or presentations, a scientific researcher must only be guided by scientific arguments. When giving education, it must be avoided that only your own study books are used. Every scientific researcher must inform the university about his sideline activities and this information must be accessible on the universities website. - not partial: treating all equal - a scientific researcher must not let personal interest, preference, affection or prejudice affect his judgment and decisions.
Research ethics are determine through different research methods and strategy, as well as the research design. The principle of ethical issues is that the researcher must protect confidentiality of data and the anonymity and privacy as well as obtaining informed consent of the participant. Regarding to surveys, it is comparatively easier to achieve informed consent from participant, as all questions are structured and designed before the research take place. Conversely, in depth interview cannot be structured and planned before the research, majority of questions arises during the process of interview, make it even harder to let respondents know what to expect from the interview. Nonetheless, in order to address this ethical issue, researchers should explain clearly to the research participants.
An example of this would be the study of an area that would benefit from qualitative research would be the style of a student’s learning ability along with his or her approaches to how they study. How they relate to the human services field is for one quantitative methodology refers to number / statistics area which in turn refers to the opinion polls, surveys, etc. of a number of people. Qualitative research methodology refers to a human service worker trying to understand a person who is needing help and by this the human service worker then understands the experiences of this person as well as their ideas, values and beliefs. It is like the scientific method only a bit more personal because the human service worker really gets to know the person / people he or she is helping in any case they deal with.
It provides an understanding of the problem, help to develop ideas for supporting quantitative research (Snapsurveys, 2016). I believe that qualitative research brings opinions or hypotheses and goes deeper into the issues or problems. There are many techniques used to collect the data like focus groups, conducting interviews and observations. I think the sample size here is small and the sampling is selected to fulfill the subject of study. For example, my friend is studying the role of heritage in attracting foreigners to Oman.
Qualitative research explores phenomena and relies heavily on extensive interviewing. Once its data is collected, its research is modified according to what is found (Mack et al., 2005). Quantitative research, however, attempts to prove or disprove existing hypotheses concerning phenomena (Mack et al., 2005). It employs very rigid surveys, observations, and questionnaires. Despite their differences, both qualitative and quantitative research are effective and evidence
For many years, quantitative methods for research have been used to test theories and hypotheses. Qualitative methods are still growing and in contrast to the quantitative methods, they provide a better understanding of meaning and experiences of participants. The emphasis is on the quality of experience, instead of causal relationships (Pietkiewicz & Smith, 2012). It is very important to follow a set of guidelines to provide the readers with adequate details of the research being performed and give an overview and understanding of the participants’ background lives. Elliott, Fischer, & Rennie (1999) constructed a set of guidelines to review qualitative research.
The dual role of teacher and researcher brings possible conflicts of interest. In this kind of research, it is therefore very important to ensure that it is conducted to high ethical standards. Miller and Brewer (2003, p. 95) define ethics in such social research as being about “creating a mutually respectful, win-win relationship in which participants are pleased to respond candidly, valid results are obtained, and the community considers the conclusions constructive”. Glesne and Peshkin (1992, p. 109) further emphasise the importance of embedding ethical practices in
Introduction Qualitative research are those kind of researches that an outcome is obtained without the application of statistical methods of data analysis (Strauss and Corbin, 1990 cited in Golafshani, 2003). However, the qualitative research takes a direct approach, where the researchers arrive at a conclusion through the observation of events as they occur naturally without external interferences (Golafshani, 2003). Ethical and methodological issues may arise, therefore in order to demonstrate the legitimacy of Qualitative research it is important to integrate rigour and trustworthiness. Potential ethical issues There is the need to take into consideration ethical issues that may arise from conducting qualitative researches. In each country the public Health system is governor under the national laws, without the proper consent whether formal or informal consent, may result in issues with confidentiality.
Other ethical issues to consider include personal disclosure, authenticity and credibility of the research report and also personal issues such as disclosure among others. Other ethical considerations to watch out for include that the research should aim to benefit individuals and society and minimise harm, also rights and dignity of individuals and groups should be respected. A research should also be conducted with integrity and transparency and lines of responsibility and accountability should be clearly laid out and defined. Another ethical consideration to make is that independence of the research should be maintained and where conflict of interests cannot be avoided but should be made
The integration of ethical dimension in research implies that researchers are needed to observe a specific protocol in the conduct of a scientific research. Primarily, ethical standards are expected to be based on rules and regulations that professional organizations establish and the inner desire of the researchers to conduct research fairly, honestly and wisely even though a range of ethical standards exist to regulate the researchers’ behavior. 2)