In the study by Westfall and colleagues, they examined how physical attractiveness influences the belief of fairness in life. Their hypothesis is that individuals who are attractive strongly endorse a just world, while unattractive people tend to believe less that the world is fair. They conducted two different experiments composed of 395 college students to confirm their hypothesis. The first experiment was comprised of
As the system of meritocracy rewards students who do exceptionally well in their academics, it grants them the opportunity of entering elite schools such as Raffles Institution and Nanyang Girl’s High. However, there are many students in these elite schools who got in not because of their academic capabilities alone but because of advantages such as their affluent family backgrounds and financial capabilities. In a news report in 2011, Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew shared some statistics to show how privileged students with parents who are university graduates are more likely to enter elite schools. For instance, 71.9% of the students in ACS (Independent) have parents who are university graduates. In contrast, in neighborhood schools such as Bukit Merah Secondary School, only 8.9% of the students have parents who are university graduates.
Since the 1950’s the debate about of superiority of one criterion over another become the main subject of many studies (Mihic & Gulina, 2006). Earlier researchers such as (Pierre, 1958) concluded that “social class membership provides a richer dimension of meaning even tough income has generally been the most widely used behavioral indicator in marketing. In the study, he proved that an individual’s consumption patterns actually symbolize his class position, a more significant determinants of
Malaysia is well-known for its diversity in culture, race and religion way before we were freed from the British colonization era. The diversity is heated by the slogan 1Malaysia that was first introduced by the Prime Minister, Dato’ Seri Najib Tun Abdul Razak in 2009, in hope that it could trigger the Malaysians to rise and fall together as one nation. This slogan has shown a positive result as it has brought many hearts from all walks of life altogether as one. A harmonious nation is created despite its diversity in cultural and religious activities. The question is, why does our country need harmony within its diversity?
This theory may be relevant based on the results of this study because it was postulated by Kane (2000) that the stronger one’s social class identity is, the more traditional their attitudes towards gender roles become. ‘Ketuanan Melayu’, or “Malay Supremacy”, is a term that has been propagated by local politicians and the media for decades. The crux of this term, ‘tuan’, which directly translates into “master” or “lord”, suggests someone who is in control and the usage of this term does not appear to encourage harmony among ethnic groups but rather as an effort to put this ethnic group in a privileged position over others (Muzaffar, 2010). This term that has been widely used throughout Malaysia’s history, and perhaps has had some effect on the way the Malay community in Malaysia perceive their social status throughout the years. This may have made them value their perceived superior social class and identify more strongly with it in comparison with the ethnic Indians in Malaysia, which can explain why they may hold stronger, more traditional attitudes towards gender roles, according to Kane’s theory
Diversity can lead to discrimination when people, especially the majority group, adopt a generalised attitude and prejudgment towards minority groups, and view themselves as superior. When this prejudice is acted upon, minorities face oppression and discrimination – apart from limiting the opportunities available to them, this is also severely disadvantageous in day-to-day life. In turn, intergroup relations will become strained, which will ultimately cause segregation. An example of mainly violent conflict due to diversity in a nation-state is the unrest in Sri Lanka caused by tension between different ethnic groups, namely the Sinhalese and the Tamils. The Sinhalese and Sri Lankan Tamils currently make up 74.9% and 11.2% of the population respectively, and even right now, inequality between these two groups is still a severe
To. Mrs. Hopkins, Recently, I have read your controversial and callous article ‘If Britain is prepared to provide an all-inclusive resort service for asylum seekers, the least they can do is wear a bloody wristband.’ From a student with a family member who has experienced being a refugee, I know that the issues regarding asylum seekers and refugees are critical in the modern society. Therefore, I feel that your article, mostly oversimplified and prejudiced, could mislead lots of readers to have undesirable views on those people who are in need. Although most of your arguments are either factually incorrect or oversimplified, some of your points are undeniably true. For instance: a normal worker from the UK who ‘might earn £30K a year’ has
For example, in Malaysia (a country with two official languages, Bahasa Melayu and English), English is deemed to have positive prestige because it is associated with high social class, where Melayu Pasar is deemed to have negative prestige because it is spoken in marketplace. Thus, many sellers in Malaysian market chose to speak English when communicating with their customers (Lau, 2013). Language prestige is also a widely-discussed topic in sociolinguistics, mainly because it is also related to a lot of language phenomenon, such as language maintenance and language shift. Language shift is defined as “as "the change from
Malaysia is a developing country that is of interest not merely because of the emerging capital market but because of the country’s language, religion and ethnicity existence of a significant division. There was without doubt, riots that occurred involving the main ethnic group who holds about more than half of the country’s population (the Malays) against the second main ethnic group (Chinese) in 1969, due to this, led to the affirmative accomplishment of the New Economic Policy the following year. The political elite here in Malaysia is known for its racialization, even though a debate to show if the discriminating has been present from the beginning of time (Milne, 1981) or it is based on class (Brennan, 1982) was done. Even at that, The
On hearing that, common belief would be that the Malays benefitted the most out of the 3 because of their status (abundance?). The Malays did receive a lot of privileges, however upon closer analysis, it was mostly the Malay elites, the Sultans and chiefs who received the benefits. The Malay Elites were privileged as they were given better opportunities for western education and higher ranking colonial administrator jobs. This increased their rate of employment and income. This made their standard of living much higher and the Malay Elites were able to live comfortable lives.