Ohiyesa’s The Soul of the Indian gives a nostalgic critique on the encroachment of white civilization on the Native American culture, citing the parallelisms the two societies share and explaining the reasoning behind Native American rituals. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass by Frederick Douglass gives a glimpse into the life of a slave, comparing the life of the free and the enslaved, and giving reason to the actions of the slave and slave master. Throughout each book, it becomes apparent that each has a common trait: the white population’s use of religion as a means for their cruelty. To clarify, religion is used as a justification for their respective instances of oppression, both the purge of Native Americans and Native American culture for Ohiyesa, and slavery for Douglass. Although they experience different systems of oppression, Douglass and Ohiyesa see how the corruption of religion can be used by the white majority to assert themselves as masters to their respective peoples.
To understand the development, evolution, and implications of racial slavery, one must first understand the collision course between the Americas, Western Europe, and West Africa. It ignited a brutal campaign resulting in the loss of human life and cultural extinction of African and native peoples, “Seeking wealth or land, they commenced a process of conquest and settlement that would alter or destroy the lives of the people who already lived there” (Clark, pg. 8). While no master plan existed for racial enslavement, the belief in racial superiority and possessing an upper hand in terms of socioeconomic standing, allowed for this racial element to become intertwined with slavery. There were some key developments in terms of the progression
This statement illustrates England 's point of view towards imperialism and also provides their reasons for imperializing to Africa. They believed that their own culture and way of life was the best and it would be better if more people of English culture were spread across the world. Following their need to be the best nation, came their need to imperialize and gain more power, which was the cause why the Africans were hurt, not only physical, but also their culture killed and had an everlasting burden placed on them all. In the text, "The Black Man 's Burden," by Edward Morel in 1903, it states, "In its permanence resides its fatal consequences. It kills not only the body merely, but the soul.
In the essay, “A Genealogy of Modern Racism”, the author Dr. Cornel West discusses racism in depth, while conveying why whites feel this sense of superiority. We learn through his discussion that whites have been forced to treat black harshly due to the knowledge that was given to them about the aesthetics of beauty and civility. This knowledge that was bestowed on the whites in the modern West, taught them that they were superior to all races tat did not emulate the norms of whites. According to Dr. West the very idea that blacks were even human beings is a concept that was a “relatively new discovery of the modern West”, and that equality of beauty, culture, and intellect in blacks remains problematic and controversial in intellectual circles
“Beginning in the late 1870s, Southern state lawmakers passed laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation.” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1). People thought these laws were needed because “The Jim Crow system was undergirded by the following beliefs or rationalizations: whites were superior to blacks in all important ways, including but not limited to intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior; sexual relations between blacks and whites would produce a mongrel race which would destroy America;” (“
The American Colonization Society, prevalently drove by working class white men, energized the arrival of dark Americans to Africa, asserting that "this portrayal of people are not, and can't be, either helpful or glad among us… there ought to be a separation. "(Doc D). Nonetheless, these white "abolitionists" were
He was reported to have said in one of his speeches, “The only way we gonna stop them white men from whuppin' us is to take over. What we gonna start sayin' now is Black Power!” Stokely Carmichael believed that the Black Power movement, was not only to stand for racial integration but strived to challenge the racism of America. They aimed to address lack of representation for black interests in society by promoting black political and cultural institutions, “rather than seeking equality and acceptance within a mainly white America”, and achieve self-sufficiency. Supporters of the black power movement were united in their aim to achieve racial equality, however, they was division within the movement, mainly into 2 groups- pluralists and nationalists. The pluralists hoped for an integrated society wherein all races could live in harmony, whereas the nationalists felt that whites and blacks could not co-exist without the whites oppressing the blacks.
Actually post-colonial criticism is the way of cultural criticism. Post-colonial criticism always criticizes the cultural value, have views and analyze the art and texts which was written by the people who were living under the racism and colonial power by Europe. Basically colonialism is a west practice in Africa and Asia. Post-colonialism shows the effects of colonialism in Africa and other colonized countries. Edward Said is one of the great philosophers who concentrate on the colonization of 3rd world by
Race and gender provided the foundation for the colonization and enslavement of Native American and Africans, and class worked in consequence of these constructs. Through American colonization, our understanding and adoption of these social constructs altered completely. Before, neither Native American, Africans, or Europeans truly identified with ‘race’; emphasis was mainly put on gender and class. After colonization, the intersection of race, class, and wealth becomes truly apparent through the enslavement and maltreatment of African women. The subordination of African women supplied the British with the “legal foundation for slavery and the future definitions of racial difference.” This is seen in the Virginia Slave Codes, in which black femininity was harshly policed through laws that outlined racial differences and stripped black women of privileges, effectively blocking them from power.
His analysis provides a historical understanding of the inseparability of racialization and capitalist exploitation as constitutive of the capitalist system of power. It can be said, that the coloniality of power introduces a universal social classification of the population of the planet in terms of the idea of race. Hence, the race is used to categorize and separate human beings into two groups: superior and inferior (Quijano, 2000: 347). Edward Said refers to this categorization as a Western discourse about the Other which is supported by “institutions, vocabulary, scholarship, imagery, doctrines, even colonial bureaucracies and colonial styles” (Said, 1979: 2). According to Said, this process has worked partly because of the constant interchange between the scholarly and the imaginative construction of ideas about the Orient.