The Importance Of Rape

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The particular selective pressure is made known by the functional design of the trait, which grants one the ability to determine the nature of the selective pressure liable for the adaptation. Directly from a selective pressure is an adaptation capable of materializing, in addition, by-product traits can be indirectly formed in this process. This brings about one of my above mentioned research questions; is rape the outcome of a rape-specific adaptation or else is it a by-product of additional or former adaptations. To argue either a specific rape adaptation or rape as a by-product in evolution, Palmer and Thornhill suggests using evidence across species and across cultures to observe the presence and influence of rape. Thornhill and thornhill…show more content…
They hypothesize that men`s motivation for sex and the motivation for domination and control are ‘functionally integrated in the sexual psychology of men as a result of evolution by selection’, to control a women`s sexuality to control paternity.” However, today, there could be different, more, or less types of rape than in the past. Three patterns of rape are described in the present day western culture: power rape, the expression of conquest and control, often to compensate for perceived inadequacy. Anger rape, the expression of hostility, and sadistic rape, expression of eroticized anger and power, often characterized by intentional maltreatment and enjoyment of victim suffering. How does evolutionary psychology account for the seemingly differently motivated acts? The power rape may be most closely related to rape used to increase copulation. However, other types of rape may reflect further evolution of mechanisms or perhaps independent mechanisms. The bottom line is that the situation may not be cut and…show more content…
Being able to claim the explanation of rape has vast potential for ending rape and a natural history would make evolutionary psychology the best place to start. However, little history is presented, and the combination of present with ancient past is often a leap. Additionally, I recognize that this science claims to be without value of judgement or justifications of rape, however, regardless of whether it is free of value or not, non-evolutionary psychologists might not understand that and jump to the conclusion that this justifies or absolves men who rape. I agree that sex must be considered in understanding causes of rape, quantification and standards are important, but can that capture the environment? Humans do not exist only in biological environments; there is culture, society, individual interaction, perhaps metaphysical. A natural history of rape would need a thorough description of the biological and cultural
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