Ningtas (2015) mentioned that in prediction phase students are encouraged to use context clues and set up the purpose of reading. Moreover, prediction serves as a way for the students to involve in the text and develop interested in the text. 2.8.4 Promote active comprehension Directed reading thinking activity promotes active comprehension by encouraging students to think critically about the text. This strategy is carried out in different phases. Lowe (2006) stated DRTA as a metacognition strategy that teaches students to set a purpose for reading as they develop their thinking processes.
This will certainly affect academic performance especially that ESL classrooms nowadays tend to be constructivist in nature. Schulte (1996) presents constructivism as a linguistic and educational viewpoint where students are enabled to come to learning situations with a variety of knowledge, feelings, and skills already within them. Learners construct understanding by making sense of their experiences and fitting their own ideas into reality. Similar to the schema theory, it would be hard to interpret a text if both word and world knowledge are
There are a number of approaches to improve reading comprehension, including improving one 's vocabulary and reading strategies. Tompkins (2011) defined reading comprehension as the level of understanding of a text/message. The understanding is gathered from the interaction between written words and how they stimulate the knowledge outside the text/message. On the other hand, comprehension means a creative, multifaceted processes that depend on four language skills namely phonology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatic (Pretorius, 2002). Adams (1994) mentioned that the proficiency of reading depends on the ability to understand and recognize words quickly.
2.1 Introduction to Interactive Read Aloud Interactive Read Aloud is an important learning activity for building knowledge required by students to be successful in reading (Lippman, 1996). According to Fountas and Pinnell (2006, Cited in Johnston, 2015), Interactive Read Aloud is a deliberate and explicit method of reading aloud where the teacher models for the whole class vocabulary development, reading fluently, and comprehension strategies and requires the students to involve in the discussion by giving some questions. As the result, the students become interactive participants in their own learning. Interactive Read Aloud also can be defined as an activity that makes children learn new words and ideas as
In this study, the instruction followed the criterial tasks of the K-12 Curriculum. The teacher was a facilitator guiding the learners to arrive at the meaning of a difficult word. While the teacher acted as a facilitator, the learners were involved in an activity of identifying the meaning of a difficult word using speed drawing and kinesics. Lastly, the learning strategies used in this study is akin to that of the K-12 Curriculum which is performance-based. Speed drawing and kinesics as strategies in improving vocabulary retention are characterized by direct participation of learners.
The student who has an awareness of how he or she learns is better able to set goals, develop a variety of learning strategies, and control and evaluate his or her own learning process. The strategies are essential for the process of learning because they help students to adapt their learning to particular features of the task on which they are working. Schools have appointed holistic teachers to give more attention to students to manage and control their learning. This will help them to learn new aspects in their learning at school but also to help them with the tools to manage their learning later in life. Thus, the key role for teachers is to help children build confidence, and develop a variety of learning strategies and motivate them to
My motivation to study this topic is to help teachers to use communicative activities in classroom teachings. My purpose is to enable young adult learners to acquire communicative ability using the techniques that will be handled in the writing. This study has two objectives. First is to provide various communicate language teachings to help teachers in terms of broadening their teaching techniques. Second is to explain how to apply these techniques, activities and tasks effectively in the classroom environment.
It comes from the root word “meta”, meaning beyond. It can take many forms; it includes knowledge about when and how to use particular strategies for learning and the lesson log in teaching performance. It is also refers to a level of thinking that involves active control over the process of thinking that is used in learning situation. The teacher must know the strategies on how to use and delivered the lesson to the student using the daily lesson log in which the students can easily cope up. Since the lesson log was now implemented, the teacher required discussing the lesson effectively and efficiently.
RUNNING HEAD: Benchmark Reading Instruction Reading Instuction Teaching reading and writing can be very complex in some classroom settings. Educators must be engaging with students and be able to build a classroom environment that is full of the tools for teaching reading and writing. Because reading and writing instruction is important, especially for several innovative minds wondering and dazing on what activity is coming up next. In order for students to learn teachers must integrate reading and writing for all content areas. One of the theoretical and evidence-based foundations of reading and writing there is one significant foundation that is very important based on the theoretical research.
For teachers to teach reading effectively their lessons should include vocabulary, decoding skills, fluency and comprehension strategies. Using these techniques and strategies taught in class students can make connections to build up their reading comprehension. As we discussed with our first article, students who have better automaticity obtain more cognitive abilities that they can put forth to work with reading comprehension. Therefore, reading fluency, the use of accuracy and automaticity, connects to student’s reading comprehension. A student’s reading success depends of their reading