By the end of the Middle Ages, the church was sorely in need of reform. The papacy was corrupt and church leaders were more dedicated to living luxurious, powerful lives than to preaching the gospel of the Lord. Change eventually came about through courageous people, “shining lights,” as Stiansen puts it, who were unafraid of being ridiculed and even martyred for their convictions. Pre-Reformers like John Wycliffe and Jan Hus prepared the way for the Reformation through their writings, lifestyles, and deaths. John Wycliffe One of the most well-known and controversial Pre-Reformers was John Wycliffe.
However, there are new religions and new gods being brought up quite frequently. A specific religion is christianity. Christianity was very unlike other religions, particularly because of their monotheistic views. Christians were seen as threat to the Romans at this time prior to around 381, which is around when Christianity became a common religion. Although Christians were good citizens, and people who wanted to follow Jesus, they were constantly impacted by aspects of the Roman culture.
Religion played a very huge role throughout the readings however, religion was represented differently in all the readings. In the poem The Dream of the Rood religion plays a significant role through the characters. The poem tells and shows readers before, during, and after the crucifixion of Christ through deep descriptions. The characters throughout are the dreamer, the rood, and Christ. These characters are all very significant throughout because the dreamer is represented as a believer/worshipper, the rood represents the cross, and Christ who died for all our sins.
The poem was written in a time where God was a major part of every individuals life, many people were Christian and believed in heaven and hell after life and so immediately associating death with religion would be something that was expected. We can find evidence for this when Jonson writes ‘the state he should envie?’ This is referring to the fact that when you die you go to heaven and Jonson is questioning why he is feeling pain, when he knows his son is going to someplace better than where he was. We can see this when he writes ‘ To have so soone scap’d worlds.’ Throughout the poem there is a semantic field of religious imagery with mention of sins and judgement day, ‘on the just day.’ Jonson is seen to have faith in God and is trying to see the good in the situation. In this way death is also presented as something that can be accepted. In On My First Sonne the poem begins with a declaration.
The American Enlightenment and the Great Awakening were two very important motivators that changed the colonial society in America through religious beliefs, educational values, and the right to live one’s life according to each individual’s preference. The Great Awakening and the American Enlightenment movements were two events in history that signaled a grand distinction to the teachings among religious believers. New beliefs of how a person should worship in order to be considered in “God’s good graces” soon became an enormous discussion among colonists across the land. “Men of the cloth,” such as George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards were well respected and closely followed when preaching about the love of God and damnation. Followers, who had once felt unfulfilled and disheartened during sermons, suddenly felt and experienced the spiritual connection to God that they had each been longing for after attending preachings from these two men.
During the Elizabethan times, superstitions and folk tales were very popular and were spread all throughout England, and impacted almost everything. Life, sickness, and many beliefs were affected by superstitions that branched from other ideas. For example, astrology and medicine helped construct many of these beliefs. In some ways the church also had an impact because church affected how the common people reacted to these ideas. A religious church man would talk down upon superstitions opposed to an individual who is open minded to the ideas.
Hypocrisy is a noun, it means Claiming to have morals or beliefs to which one 's behavior does not conform. “...before we made our assault the bishops and priests persuaded all by their preaching and exhortation that a procession should be made round Jerusalem to God’s honour, faithfully accompanied by prayers, alms, and fasting.”(Document One, “Capture of the Christian ‘Navel of the World’”; Page one Paragraph three; Sentence two) The author expresses in words the warriors ' loyalty and faith towards their God. Before the army attacked Jerusalem they had to sacrifice for God (fasting, prayers, and alms) before they risked their lives for him. This author could be intending to make the unfaithful feel guilty about how loyal they are to God. These people who fought in a war for God, because it was his wish, risking their lives, and there are people who rarely even pray to God before they go to bed at night.
Many religions use the same objects, however, the definition of that object depends on the religion and its history and/ or story. Many of the attitudes and beliefs that are formed towards certain animals, clothing, colors, and so forth are due to the adoption of moral and religious beliefs that have been passed down through generations. An individual’s religious background plays an outstanding role in their perception and definition of many objects. The use of symbols can be seen throughout all of the World religions. Religious ideas have created many of the symbols; and in turn the symbols themselves help to communicate and strengthen the religious ideas, (Mbiti, 1975).Take, for instance, Christianity, the cross is a symbol of salvation, love and justice.
He started to fight Christians since Guy de Lusignan and Reynald de Chatillon attacked his people. So he tried to make a defense in order to protect his people from Christian’s attack. In the end of the movie, there is scene that shows how he respects Christians. It is when Sultan Salahuddin put back the cross symbol in the altar table at the castle. So beyond the debate or the conflict that is happening, in my opinion, it would be a wonderful life if all of our leaders in the world sincerely truly fight for humanity.
Act 4.8 and Act 5.Chorus represent the victory over France as seen through the image of Henry and crown of soldiers. The language used in scene 4.8 is very jubilant and gracious as they are celebrating “’Tis wonderful...God fought for us...he did us great good” (Evans, Tobin 1010). Throughout the play Henry frequently consults God and for this he is perceived by some critics as “the ideal Christian king” (Rogers). However, other critics see this as being “slightly hypocritical” (Dobski, Gish) because the ‘ideal Christian’ would not beseech God for violent motives. On the other hand, Act 5.Chorus uses language differently.