The Importance Of Second Language Motivation

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Nowadays English learning is crucial because English is the international communication medium. The language is necessary for different activities, including education, politics, and socio-economics (Medgyes, 1994; Mckay, 2002).
To be a successful language learner, the learners need something in order to be forced both in the initial process and during the continuous process of learning, something, which always keep them interested until they become successful. One factor, which has played a major role while the learners are studying a language, is motivation.
The systematic study of the second language motivation goes to back to the late 1950s when two social psychologists in Canada, Robert Gardner and Wallace Lambert, launched a series of studies on motivation.
According to the Gardner, motivation includes three components: motivation intensity, the desire to learn the language, and attitudes toward learning the language. Thus, in his view, motivation refers to a kind of central mental ‘engine’ of energy-center that comprehends effort, want/ will (cognition) and task-enjoyment (affect). Motivation is the process of initiating and directing learners’ behavior based on efforts to satisfy an individual goal (Petri, 1991). An abstract concept that people use to whole range of motives is motivation. As defined by Gredler, Broussard and Garrison (2004) “motivation is the attribute that moves us to do or not to do something” (p. 106).
According to Blank (1997) and
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