The Constitution was twisted in many ways by the court in this case. Since slaves were considered property, the government couldn 't constitutionally justify taking me away from my owner. The government also couldn 't prohibit slavery or stop it from spreading to free states. This argument is from amendment 10 in the constitution that states that the federal government only has powers that are delegated to them by the states or the people through the constitution. In other words, if the constitution doesn 't prohibit something, the court can 't prohibit it.
The lecture on African Americans in the 1920s by Professor David Canton is very disturbing. His lecture was on the different unjust treatment that African Americans endured. The professor, to me, was trying to make the listener feel the anguish that African Americans did in the 1920s. In some sense he appeared passionate and at times angry about the treatment of African Americans. The government supported this hostile treatment because they believed African Americans were being subversive if they stood up and defended themselves.
‘Opposition to AA civil rights remained powerful throughout the period from 1865 – 1992’ – How far do you agree? (25 marks) Opposition to African American civil rights came from a multitude of people and different groups. The KKK had an obvious resentment towards African American’s and they made this clear through their actions. However, opposition also came from the government, in the form of JFK, who always spoke about equality but let the south continue with their violence and violent state of mind. Also, in the amendments that had been made, they promised change but in reality change didn’t always occur, and this was due to the people, who didn’t support African American’s.
The whites feared mixing of the race which is the Mongrel Race; because they were afraid the white race would be diluted. So, they did everything keep blacks at the bottom. The Southern states reacted by creating and enforcing Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow was a system created as a segregation of colored people and white people, but mainly focusing on blacks. These laws existed because of the idea of being superior (Ferris State University, 2012).
Why is it wrong to segregate black people from white people? After the civil war and slavery had been banned for many years at this time, the Southern Legislatures still felt as if they still needed to do something about the African American people. They passed laws known as the black codes which limited blacks’ rights and segregated them from whites. As a result, segregation is wrong because it restricted the rights of African Americans and denied many of a good education. Segregation repressed African Americans rights by violating the 14th Amendment.
This is a false narrative because this is only look at the side of a white person perspective. Whites during the civil war period owned slaves and treated them unfairly, so having a white person treat slaves fair was unheard of. The real story is that Brown was born and raised around an abolitionist center. Brown was friends with black people so this made him believe that black people were not inferior. As he got older he led battles into Pottawatomie (a pro-slavery settlement) to protest the mistreatment of slaves.
“Beginning in the late 1870s, Southern state lawmakers passed laws that required Whites and Blacks to attend separate schools and to sit in different areas on public transportation.” (“Jim Crow Laws” 1). People thought these laws were needed because “The Jim Crow system was undergirded by the following beliefs or rationalizations: whites were superior to blacks in all important ways, including but not limited to intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior; sexual relations between blacks and whites would produce a mongrel race which would destroy America;” (“
Martin Luther King jr influenced Black Consciousness thinking as expressed by Steve Biko by demonstrating how collectively black people are powerful, why black people need to lead their own movements, his writings on his criticism of white liberals. Collectively this influenced Black Consciousness as expressed by Steve Biko. Martin Luther King Jr was around during the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 60s, where African Americans were lynched and murdered just for wanting to be treated as equals in society. The Civil Rights movement in America emboldened other rights movements in other countries, particularly countries that had been recently freed from colonialism and those who were wanting to be freed from colonialism. Martin Luther King jr’s theories were largely influenced by Black Theology and thus his beliefs centered largely on the achievement of equal rights for all African Americans and the creation of a
The Black Power Movement of the 1960s-70s, goals centered around protecting African-Americans from the racist white society. First of all, all of the blacks were affected in the Black Power Movement but both whites and blacks were involved. The blacks were getting treated bad by the whites. The blacks were affected because they didn’t even have equal freedom as the whites and the whites didn’t do anything about it. The leader of the Black Power Movement was stokely Carmichael.
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
The justices hearing the case were Hamilton, Gamble, William Scott and John Ryland. Prior to the hearing Alexander Field resubmitted the briefs of the 1850 trial. Mrs. Emerson’s attorneys never validated the ordinance of 1787 or the 1820 Missouri Compromise. Norris did question the legal principals of “once free always free”. Dred Scott’s trial was no longer just about becoming free but now was about the controversy about slavery.
The segregation of the northern and southern states subdued the United States from growing in to the nation we see today. African Americans of the south were subject to the brutal white supremacy that was accepted by the white citizens, so change was a futile notion. Many regions in the Deep South were not fixed on allowing African Americans equal rights in any way possible. These states expressed their beliefs through the enactment of Jim Crow Laws throughout the region. Unlike its counterparts of the Antebellum South, Pensacola, Florida became desegregated in a way unlike many of those states in the 20th century.
Hayes became president of the United States, the first decision he made was to end reconstruction by removing all the Union troops from the south, but that led to the ex-Confederates gaining control of the south. With racist ex-Confederates back in power, the southern African Americans were destined to be segregated, in regards to their place in society. According to the Supreme Court, segregation did not violate the fourteenth amendment as long as blacks had access to accommodations that were “separate but equal” to those of white people. Jim Crow laws were implemented as a way for white people to treat African Americans unfairly. White people did not want to accept the fact that they had to share public places with black citizens, so these Jim Crow laws set some boundaries by segregating black and white people in public schools, restaurants, trains, sports stadiums and movie theaters.
Exacerbating the situation, a notoriously racist President, Andrew Johnson had been actively avoiding the Reconstruction issue of black rights, believing that African Americans had no roles to play in the era (Foner, 2008). Arousing the strongest opposition in Johnson’s reign were the Black Codes, a series of laws designed to control black life. And although former slaves were granted some rights - legal marriage, some access to the courts and property ownership (to an extent), but they imposed restrictions too,
The Supreme Court ruled in their favor stating, "segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law; for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the Negro group." However this decision did not suppress the racist ideals of Americans but in fact worsened them. In deep southern states, massive resistance against the new law erupted in protests, riots, and racial violence against the strive for equality. Some public schools even closed their doors rather than integrate and even reacted with