“Because colonialism was seen as unjust, oppressive and repressive, Christianity was as well perceived as an ally or collaborator in a system of unwarranted economic, cultural and political exploitation”. Christianity was involved with the abominable trade in Africans as slaves. The evangelists claimed to be spreading the message of God, but by engaging in the practice known as the African slave trade, their commitment to the word of God can be questioned on every level. Many chiefs were wary of the Europeans and saw them as potential rivals to their authority. Some took the opportunity to show resourcefulness and the evangelists were allowed entrance into the Tswana communities.
Why is teaching slaves how to read and write is such a problem that slaveholders fear it? In the book, Douglass illustrates how literacy is a key component of revising a slave from the mental bonds of story. Chapter six, when Hugh Auld forbids Sophia Auld to stop giving Douglass writing and reading lessons is when Douglass learns that knowledge must be the way to freedom, while Auld believe education will ruin slaves. Without knowing it Aulds revealed a way for slaves to be free on how which whites manage to keep blacks as slaves so they can’t free themselves. Hugh didn 't want Douglass to be educated because he thought Douglass would become unmanageable and unfit to become a slave if he enters the world of literacy.
Finney was also known for his work on resisting the Fugitive Slave Act. To many, it may have appeared as if Finney was a true activist for the abolition of slavery, however, many saw his commitment to leading religious revivals as his first priority. His religious work often overshadowed his work on helping put an end to slavery. Although he may have held spreading Christianity as his primary focus, he did believe that true Christians should never support or believe in slavery. He believed Christians should not be indifferent to slavery, as this, in turn, would be harmful to his religious revival
It has been argued that "the British abolition movement, which was legalized by the British Parliament, was not entirely humanely motivated as it is often put. It was for the British economic interest to shift from slave to legitimate trade" (Ume 1980, p.216). On the other hand, Batten (1954) listed among other things the abolishment of slave trade as the reason for the establishment of colonialism. "On the other hand, the insinuation that European colonialism accomplished its alleged humanitarian mission in Africa by decisively tackling slavery is too unfounded to warrant any attention here" (Nwokeji, G.U., 1998, 320). "They argue that the British governor, Frederick Lugard, favoured the reform of slavery over abolishing it".
Proponents of slavery pointed to a quote in the Bible that stated that Abraham had slaves. Often pointing to the verse " You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male or female servant." Also, in the New Testament, a part of it reads that Paul sends away a runaway slave to his master and though slavery was profound in the Roman era, Jesus did not say anything to condemn the practice. Proponents argued that slavery was divine and that because of slavery, Christianity was brought to the heathen across the ocean.
One will have to say that they were Westernizing more than Christianizing and they might have done this consciously or unconsciously but the fact is that they identified European culture with Christianity. It is obvious from the fruits of their works that they imposed Western culture on the African people and their culture, resulting in their denial of their cultural heritage. For some of these early missionaries a bit of “white
After learning about the cruelties of the slave trade, and about how the immense profits affected Britain, I became curious about why the British public would choose to end slavery. If it was so beneficial to them, then why stop? I decided to use this topic for my assignment so that I could find more information about why the slave trade was abolished. When researching this, I found it intriguing that many of the factors that ended the slave trade were to do with people, rather than financial gain. I enjoyed using the abolition of the slave trade as my assignment topic, as it allowed me to learn surprising facts about the late 16th- early 18th centuries.
It all began as a trade then led to slavery. Conversion of Africans to Christianity began to hinder the slave trade. “It was only with the British awakening to the evil of slave trade that widespread efforts were begun on behalf of Africa” (Rieber, 256). With these efforts came with the establishment of colonies, halting of the slave trade, and missionary work in Africa. These offset the beginning of Blacks in establishing of Christianity in West
The abolitionists decided not to press for an end to slavery itself (though some members of the committee wanted total emancipation). Instead they opted to demand the abolition of the slave trade, which seemed more practical and manageable. After all, the bulk of the slave ships left from British ports, and Parliament could regulate or ban the movement of shipping from Britain itself. To persuade Parliament to end the British slave trade, the abolitionists had to win over opinion in both the Commons and the Lords. But they faced resolute opposition from powerful interests in Parliament, especially in the Lords, and in the country at large.
Western Missionary Assimilation By western missionary assimilation, we mean to say that the Christian missionaries in Igbo land, could not make a departure from their western orientation to an orientation that is more Igbo in nature. They chose rather to force those western values and cultural convictions of the Igbos. This made the acceptance of the faith by the pre-colonial igbo society quite hard for the missionaries. Some where even killed because of this. Africans wanted the missionaries to go home because of their assumption of the superiority of European culture imposed on them.