According to Gregory Mantsios in “Class in America: Myths and Realities,” social class has a large influence on your educational achievements through life. Examining the test scores of half a million children the, poor and rich, also known as the bottom and the upper quartile, Richard de Lone found the crucial influence of social status on SAT scores. Another study by William Sewell comparing the rich and poor found that the upper class was two times as likely to get more training after high school and four times as likely to complete a postgraduate degree primarily due to their socioeconomic class. Decided at birth from your class standing to your life chances.
In James W. Loewen’s “The Land of Opportunity,” he states that social class affects the way children are raised. He discusses the inequality in today’s society and how the textbooks in high school do not give any social class information. The students in today’s time are not taught everything they should be taught. He states that your family’s wealth is what makes up your future. Loewen discusses that people with more money can study for the SATs more productively and get a better score than someone who has less money.
Jean Anyon and Robin Mark 's articles share and talk about the same points, which are relates to social class (socioeconomic status) in higher education. ' 'The Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work ' ' by Anyon , claimed that schools in wealthy communities are better than schools in poor communities. She observed five elementary schools over the course of a year, in different economic environments which teach students in different ways in each of these schools depending on their the social status. According to Jean, there are four different rating of schools like, working-class schools, middle-class schools, affluent professional schools, and executive elite schools. (Jean , 170)
The wealthy posses far more wealth than everyone else, and even in regards to the middle class there are major divisions. Gregory Mantosis, department director at Queens College of the City of New York, in his article Class in America, compares the lives of three people that all live within the defined zone of middle class. Harold Browning is an upper-middle class citizen who, due to his higher class at birth, was able to have tutors, go to summer camps focused on creative arts and natural sciences, and attended a prestigious preparatory school; Bob Farrell is a middle-middle class citizen that had no tutoring, attended YMCA summer camps, and attended a large regional high school in Queens with supplemental education for the SAT; Cheryl Mitchell is a black, lower-middle class citizen, who had no tutoring, went to no summer camps, and attended a large public high school. These people, who are all in the middle class, live drastically different lives, and their “difference[s] in class determin[e] … how well they are educated, what they do for a living, and what they come to expect from life” (Mantosis387). People, because of the level of wealth that they are born into, have varying degrees of education, as well as varying degrees of assistance with that education.
The way we view each other in terms of finance, education, and family aspects depends on a person’s social class. Students from lower backgrounds usually experience difficulty in the educational system. The educational standards of their family’s life differ from those in the higher classes because teachers teach according to the student. Meaning, not only does having a particular social class already separate you in terms of the educational system, but it also determines how and what you learn. From personal experience I’ve learned how to see from the perspective of a student who is of a lower social class than majority of his peers and teachers.
Being born into a particular family determines how well off you are. Class in America determines the people that influence you, and the better opportunities you are exposed to. In Gregory Mantsios writing of “Class in America” you can understand the many differences between class and how one might have better success. Mantsios shows three profiles of three different people born into different classes. One of the profiles shows how the lifestyle might be born into a wealthy family.
I was taught this idea, too. The idea that college is the key to earn a good living was ingrained into my brain. When I became a senior in high school, I had no idea what major to choose, but I knew that I was going to go to college. This idea of higher education made me focus on what came after graduating from college that I had not considered what I was going to do to get to that point. I agree that the different economic conditions would cause students from different backgrounds to focus on one benefit of higher education over another, but all students face the same pressures to attend college which can hurt them all
They think that for that technology have the ferules and there are a lot of education inequalities. Also, family background influences cultural knowledge and perceptions. Middle class knowledge of norms and customs allows students with this background to better navigate the school system. Parents from this class and above also have social networks that prove to be more beneficial than networks based in lower classes. These connections may help students gain access to the right schools, activities, etc additionally, children from poorer families, who are often minorities, come from families that distrust institutions.
There is lower, middle, and upper class, but there are also subcategories that fill the gaps in between, like the impoverished and the top one percenters. “Class in America”, written by Gregory Mantsios, addresses the myths and realities about socioeconomic class in America and how they affect American lives. His article highlights the unequal divide that has persisted over the course of history and will continue to manifest in the future. To introduce the existence of this issue, Mantsios states that this country’s citizens “don’t like to talk about class...or class privileges, or class oppression, or the class nature of society” (Mantsios 378). This is the case in America today because people are neglecting to acknowledge the existence of these elusive
The lower class works for their living and spends what money they have on things they need. Whereas the upper class, usually has a higher education and better paying jobs than the other classes in America. Thus, heritage plays a big part in reasons of social classes.
They understand the sacrifices their parents have made for their children and to support their family. But, upper classmen might not be able to understand why inequality causes consequences because they do not experience the same situations. Those who earn more do not need to work more hours and sacrifice little things, such as vacations, in order for their children to go to school. They may not even notice any changes to their lives because they make more than enough to live stress-free, while low income families spend most of their time struggling to make ends meet. Although this essay was written about 11 years ago, I believe it is still just as effective as when it was first written because the economy is constantly changing and always leads to consequences because of the inequality present in society.
Another example of the advantages that the middle class have over the working class is that the middle class would most likely grow up reading or listening to their parents reading a book, which gives them an advantage of the skills needed for reading in the school environment, while the working class might not being able to access such books, resulting in them not being able to have the skills that the middle class has, which will disadvantage them within the school environment. Middle class learning grow up being taught certain values, such as to ask by saying ‘may I’ while working class learners did not. This may seem like something small but within the school environment they focus on the values that the dominate groups possess resulting in the learners being picked on or judge against resulting in them not feeling as if they are capable to do as the middle class learners are and feeling as if they will not succeed. This shows how the schools promote the dominate culture within
The characteristics of the environment in which they are raised matter, especially taking into account those of the direct family in which they are raised in. When considering the difference between children who have experienced poverty, those who grew up in better neighborhoods are more likely to complete high school, finish four years of college compared to children who were raised in neighborhoods with a high crime rate, and where the financial difficulties of them are mirrored in their peers. Children are not given the same opportunities as their counterparts based upon the location of their birth. Children who are raised in poverty are automatically and unfortunately members of the cycle of poverty, in which crime rates are high, and education quality is
In recent years, the economy and job outlook has become super competitive throughout the States. With so many people seeking and applying for the same job, employers can only afford to hire a very small amount of people. As a result, they choose the best qualified applicant, which most likely means the applicant with the highest education. With competition increasing exponentially, it is becoming more and more difficult to find, let alone keep a job. That is why college is a necessity in today’s society.