The Importance Of Social Efficiency In Education

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Social Efficiency The intention of the Social Efficiency ideology is to, “efficiently and scientifically carry out a task for a client” (Schiro, 176). For all intents and purposes, the client is society as a whole. Proponents of this ideology believe that knowledge and education provides students with the power to act. In fact, Social Efficiency authority Ralph Tyler said, “education is a process of changing the behavior of people …. Educational objectives, then, represent the kinds of changes in behavior that an educational institution seeks to bring about in its students. The essence of education can be summed up by the phrase “changing behavior.” (Shiro, 52). Social efficiency is a means of organizational management; it looks…show more content…
What the student is passionate about, or ideas that they may be curious about are integral to his/her learning. In this context, learning is highly personalized. Similar to Social Efficiency, the Learner Centered ideology is competency based. However, the Learner Centered theory uses informal subjective diagnosis as opposed to criterion referenced assessments. Learner Centered ideology incorporates both developmental and constructivist learning theories meaning children create their own learning experiences appropriate for their developmental maturity and according to their own pace. Important to realize, this places teachers in the role of a facilitator. Teachers must observe and analyze student needs and interests, set up the environment, and then flow between student and environment to assist student learning. Consequently, students are provided a carefully planned menu of activities that they can choose from. One element unique to learner Centered theory is that learning can occur any place or time. Additionally, Learner Centered ideology presents learning through first hand experiences. This aspect brings the curriculum alive in that instead of being forced to complete paperwork regarding history or science, students can investigate civil war weaponry in a museum or the life cycle in a pond. In general, Learner Centered educators organize lessons, activities, and materials into units of work that children can examine and explore. Due to the broader focus of the Learner Centered ideology, assessments are essential and occur on a regular basis. However, proponents of this theory shy away from standardized testing and letter grades. Rather, they implement authentic assessments such as a portfolios or learning
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