Teachers can share these apps with students to make the learning process more exciting and challenging and at the same time deepen the level of understanding of a subject matter within students. This in turn improves the quality and efficiency of education in online learning. Course content can be repeated many times. The use of social networking in online education blurs the boundaries of formal and informal learning environments as it can be accessed anywhere and at any time. Teachers can flip the classroom, post learning contents, upload different level of supporting learning materials and related tutorial videos using social media as the learning
Electronic textbooks or web-based content can be updated in real-time. Classrooms can connect with other classrooms around the world to broaden their learning. Supports Collaboration Skills: Students can practice collaboration skills by working in teams on projects using shared documents or conferencing technologies. This allows collaboration to happen outside of the classroom or between classrooms in different locations. Benefits for Teachers Improves Instructional Delivery: Teachers can design student-centered lessons by allowing students to take an active part in the lesson.
Facebook has been widely adopted by students and consequently has the potential to become available resource that supports their education communication collaborations with faculty. Social media in general can help students in better preparation, stimulate project working and engage motivation and learning activities (Ugljesa Stankov, Tamara Jovanovic,Vanja Dragicevic, 2014). It is useful for students to become more knowledgeable about sites such as facebook, as social networking sites are increasingly where companies are turning for marketing recruitment and other activities (Bernd Skiera/Oliver Hinz/Martin Spann, 2015). The uses of facebook by management instructors include the ability to provide an attractive, interactive venue, such as the facebook group, for students to post threaded discussions on course related material and activities, as well as to reply to other students postings creating the sort of interactivity expected by accreditation agencies, most particularly in online courses (Charles, 2009). In addition, students and lectures have good relationship through the use of facebook.
Social media is emerging in various forms to bring people together as communities. It is not denied that there is also a controversy on using new Social Media such as Facebook, WhatsApp or Telegram. But in the present global scenario, when millions live and breathe on social media, teachers are learning how to incorporate the media into the classroom successfully. The social media tools help the language teachers to stay connected with their peers around the world and stay updated about their fields.
The social context plays an important role in encouraging student engagement (Jeffrey et. Al, 2012). Lecturers, particularly in the online environment, are an important aspect of social presence. Impersonal environments are more likely to alienate students. Educators immediacy is the root of the students’ engagement as it acts as a sense of the presence of the lecturers, is reassuring to students.
From a sociocultural perspective, the role of the teacher is significant in the enhancement of productive collaboration processes (Hämäläinen & Vähäsantanen, 2011). Through interaction and feedback, students learn from each other and help each other to improve on the quality of ideas during the construction and re-construction of knowledge (Looi et al., 2010). Decades of research illustrate the benefits of inquiry-based and cooperative learning to help students develop the knowledge and skills necessary to be successful in a rapidly changing world (Barron & Darling-Hammond, 2008). Teachers should create classroom environments to meet individual students’ interests and needs, design curriculum to ensure open-ended activities, and utilize real-life contexts for assessing and reporting learning outcomes. These strategies help students not only become more versed in creative thinking, but also situate them in an environment that fosters creativity (Hong et al.,2009).
The network analysis can be used as a method for evaluating interaction and relationships between students and the impact of this relationship on learning . Since social media tools help information sharing, collaboration, and participation, they are necessary technologies for Higher Education . Social network is a set of nodes and social structure, including a group of people and their relations such as friendship, cooperation, and exchange of information . The social networking approach describes the patterns of individuals’ interaction as the relationship diagram . Nodes or members of the network are often individuals or organizations.
A) Web 2.0 teaching tools-are an internet tools that allow the teacher to go beyond, just receiving information through the internet, the teacher expected to interact and create content with learners. It has the offers opportunity to provide customized learning environments where students create their own knowledge, rather than passively receive information from the teacher, interact and collaborate with learners who have similar interests globally, and obtain opportunities to learn to become professionals in communities of practice. b) They can be used by teachers to transform their work and more specifically to support the students in the classroom. By teaching curriculum content through internet, create/edit video and so much more. They can be used to enhance teaching and collaboration among teachers and students as well as increase professional collaboration between educators and student.
Also same as the study and observation of (Guy, 2012), (Velenzuela, Park and Kee, 2008) stated that there are two major general observations were made: social media/networks are not just a place to spend time in but are useful tool for collective actions and online social networks are effective structures for connecting people, allowing them to create content and participate in public affairs in a meaningful way. In a survey conducted by (Bagget and Williams , 2012) according to the students that social media is a means to connect between the individuals and is used as means to share common interest. It represents as a useful tool mainly for education and communication. Also it helps students to multitask because of their demanding class schedule; they are not preferred on creating multiple messages for individual because for them it is time consuming. Instead they use Facebook and emails to do such thing for their classmates, friends
Social bookmarking is useful for improving students’ information literacy because it is well-suited to enabling students to make active and thoughtful use of the internet to search for and categories information (Coutinho et al., 2008; Wood, 2011). Finally, the unfamiliarity of SB enables students to develop their ability to adapt to and make use of new online tools and develop a positive disposition towards engaging with new technologies in future. (Taha, Wood, & Cox,