Speaking: 1.1. The Definition of speaking: Speaking is an indispensable skill that language learners should master with the other language skills. It is defined as a convoluted process of sending and receiving messages through the use of verbal expressions, but it also includes non verbal symbols such as gestures and facial expressions. Hedge (2000) defines speaking as “a skill by which they [people] are judged while first impressions are being formed. "(p.261).That is to say speaking is an essential skill which deserves more attention in both first and second language because it reflects people’s thoughts and personalities.
Speaking is a process of how speaker constructs meaning which includes creating and receiving information on an interactive way (Brown, 1994). The meaning and the form are delivered to the hearer depending on the context which also includes the participants, physical environment, and purposes for the speaking. Speaking is used to show someone 's feelings, thoughts, and even ideas to other people (Herman, 2016). Speaking is also one of the most important skills which should be supported by some components such as grammar competence, vocabulary mastery, and good pronunciation (Ur, 1996). In speaking, one of the components that should be mastered is pronunciation.
Mastery English is very important in this present global era. As we know that English as a tool of communication. As a tool of communication English has kind of skills, they are: reading, speaking, writing, and listening. However, it is not easy to mastering all the skills. There must be one important skill that covers the whole skills.
I speak Vietnamese, and I’m not very good at English. Everyday in college, I always try my best to learn English and the new knowledge in different classes from my teachers and friends. Language now is my most troubling hurdle that I need to
Human beings can share their ideas and thoughts with each other by the use of language. Language includes the systems of human communication which consists of the structured arrangement of sounds into larger units such as morphemes, words, sentences, utterances (Richards & Schmidt, 2010). The process of communication by the use of English is primarily based on the main skills of a language (i.e. speaking, listening, reading and writing). In this process, teachers and learners are the most important participants which their roles should be taken into consideration by Teaching English as Foreign/Second Language (TEFL/TESL) researchers.
Communication requires integration of all language skills: speaking, listening, reading and writing, of which listening is of primary importance as it is one of the fundamental skills in language acquisition. It 's no wonder that in recent years the language teaching profession has placed a concentrated emphasis on listening, as it is considered to be a major component in language learning and teaching. Naturally, there are obstacles that make listening, which is a general purpose in most learning situations, difficult, as it is more than merely hearing words. As G.Buck states, "listening is a complex process in which the listener takes the incoming data, an acoustic signal, and interprets it based on a wide variety of linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge", i.e. listening is the ability to identify and understand what others are saying /Buck, 2001: 10/.
Introduction: Vocabulary or lexicon is one of the most important parts in learning second language. Learning vocabulary, of course is very important, too. According to Knight ˝learning words can be considered to be the most important aspect of second language learning.Alessi and Dwyer (2008) point that ˝the lack of vocabulary and frustration of looking up new words are the main obstacles of second language readers˝. Hunt and Belgar (1998) offered incidental learning, explicit instruction, and independent strategy, to reach to vocabulary learning. The most important part that had vital role was incidental vocabulary learning.
Speaking is one of the language skills that have an important thing if we learn about English languages. To support the communication between the people or communication in the learning process, speaking can become a key to make it to be successful. Because of this case, speaking is considered as the skill that to be developed. We have noticed that the common challenge which encounters the teachers is that they find it hard to get students to speak, but getting them to speak is more difficult in a foreign language (Merchi, 2012). As we known, there are so many problems that will be happening to the students and the teacher.
This chapter describes the rationale, purpose of the study, research questions, scope and delimitations, and definition of terms of the study. 1.1 Rationale Reading is one of the most important parts in learning English. It helps students gain new experience and knowledge and engage to other societies if they are able to understand texts they are reading. However, there is a difficulty in learning language that is grammar. It is the most difficult part to comprehend texts and meaning especially a complex sentence.
(K.Mitra, 2006)At present, speaking a foreign language represents one of the essential requirements of today´s society. Besides other skills and knowledge, it is considered as one of the most influencing factors while applying for a job or sustaining in a particular work position under the condition of advancing the language level. English language is a necessity for everyone in general, mainly for the students. English conversation plays a crucial role in understanding each other and dealing with different kinds of uncovered problems. Being able to keep a fluent conversation with a native speaker is viewed as the main goal of this research and it also highlights the importance of speaking skills in a student´s point of view.