The Importance Of Speech And Language

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Introduction

Teachers should be aware of the importance of speech production for the sake of the good development of a child. Speech and language are tools that humans use to communicate and exchange thoughts, ideas and emotions. Moreover, according to Vygotsky, the use of language allows a person to develop his/her cognitive development, which is key in the early ages of a child (Oakley 2004, 40).
Nevertheless, when speech is impaired, the ability to communicate with others will be compromised as well as school performance. To start talking about Speech Disorders is appropriate to identify basic concepts of it, since sometimes Speech Disorders are mistaken with Communication and Language Disorders. According to ASHA (1993) a Communication Disorder is an inability to receive, send, process and comprehend concepts of verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems. A language disorder is impaired comprehension of written or oral communication; and finally a speech disorder is an impairment of the articulation of speech sounds, fluency and/or voice. (Goldfarb and Halpern 2013, 3)
Speech disorders refer to difficulties in the production of speech sounds or problems with voice quality. These may be characterized by an interruption in the flow or rate of speech, for example, stuttering. Speech disorders include problems with the formation of sounds, which are called articulation disorders, as well as difficulties with
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