Adopting a thematic approach to the analysis of space in spy fiction, the text explores the reciprocal process by which contextual history intersects with literature throughout the period in question, arguing that spy fiction is responsible for reflecting, strengthening and, in some cases, precipitating cultural anxieties over decolonization and the end of Empire. In light of Mccracken's analysis: "it seems logical for a genre like spy fiction, dramatizing as it did the contemporary ideological battle for Europe and the rest of the world, as well as the decline of the British Empire, to have become so popular". (British spy fiction and the end of
Detective fiction is one of the most popular forms of fiction in America. In his article, “American Detective Fiction,” Robin W. Winks addresses the fact that in spite of this popularity, the genre has received little critical attention that studies the work for itself. He explains the two types of errors that critics have made when looking at detective fiction: the high road, where critics claim classic works were detective fiction all along, and the low road, where critics poorly execute their analysis and simply give detailed plot summaries. Winks then goes on to describe how American detective fiction has something to offer because it reflects how the society of the time sees itself. This article is mostly effective in proving its claims
In their writings, many authors present the explained and the unexplained supernatural, but by reversing their proper order (Miles, 2002: 53). The supernatural disappeared from most of today 's detective stories. Sometimes it occurs but is soon given a logical explanation (Harris 2008: 1). In detective fiction works, the events are ultimately given a natural explanation, while in the former, the events may be truly unnatural. However, there are some famous examples where supernatural, so present in the very genesis of the Gothic, is also manifest in detective fiction: Sheridan Le Fanu’s Dr. Hesselius, whose purpose is to discover the vampire nature of Carmilla (homonymous Carmilla); John Silence, Algernon Blackwood’s psychic researcher; occultist Dion Fortune’s Dr. Rhodes, a skilled reasoner who appeals to magic as well; Aleister Crowley’s Simon Iff, both a detective and a necromancer; Seabury Quinn’s Jules de Grandin, researcher and lycanthrope hunter; Manly
Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, is seen as a true piece of American Literature that presents itself at the core of McCarthyism in the bitter wake of Communists spies inside the United States. In many cases the main character of Abigail Williams is considered secondary to that of John Proctor. However, many years later, Miller writes a screenplay for the 1996 film adaptation starring Hollywood heavyweights like Winona Ryder; whose portrayal seems to allow the character of Abigail to have more room to expand. It is to my opinion that the author does this to present a more rapid and truthful motif that differs from that of the 1950 ‘witch hunt’ for communists. It is shown in the differing aspects of Abigail’s character from play to screen,
In crime fiction, such confessions, not only render power to the detectives but also determine their power. The paper studies this very confessional activity in relation to a specific kind of intrusive or prying surveillance which extracts ‘truth’ not only from the criminal confessants but also reveals a lot about the confessor/detectives themselves. Thus, the detective serves as one of the most useful literary figures through which we can delve into the dynamic relationship between confession and surveillance. If, as the twentieth century French philosopher and historian Michel Foucault asserts - “Western man has become a confessing animal,” then the genre of detective
Britain was the greatest state all over the world. The majority of English novels address us how imperialist Britain was to occupy and settle in the occupied countries. Its occupation was as a result of a great deal of subjugations. It was an oppressive country, and the official authorities thenceforth practiced espionage activities on fields. They were proud and flamboyant of their imperialism and they achieved and accomplished their imperialist missions in many parts of the world by assistance of their devoted spy agents as the young intelligence officer Kim.
Q1- Speculative fiction texts frequently have a clear political critique at their center, offering warnings about the present and the future. How can dystopian fiction go beyond warning to testimony? Use texts by both American or European and Middle Eastern or North African (MENA) authors to explore how dystopian fiction can be a medium for testimony or bearing witness, as well as criticism. Are there aspects of dystopian speculative fiction that make it particularly appropriate for testimony? Focus your analysis on three or four novels, though feel free to reference other books from your list.
As for example the Kouachi brothers, born in Paris, or Mohammed Merah, born in Toulouse, they are numerous to have grown in countries which had welcomed their parents, and received an education which made citizens of it in the same way as the others. International terrorism (we can call it also transnational terrorism) is a form of terrorism practiced in a foreign country by terrorists who are not native to that country. According to the FBI international terrorism is ‘’Perpetrated by individuals and/or groups inspired by or associated with designated foreign terrorist organizations or nations (state-sponsored).’’
International terrorism refers to the figured utilization of viciousness or the risk of brutality against civilians with a specific end goal to accomplish objectives that are political or religious or ideological in nature and this is done through intimidation or pressure or ingraining apprehension. Globalisation is the procedure of worldwide reconciliation emerging from the exchange of world perspectives, items, thoughts and different parts of society .However, to some extent International terrorism is a natural by-product of globalization as globalization has its own innovations: computerization, scaling down, digitization, satellite correspondence, optic fiber and Internet, which strengthens the characterizing point of view of globalization. When a nation goes into the arrangement of globalization, its elites
Terrorism is a fluid term, defined differently by various experts. Albeit, the general consensus in its definition is that it is a means to achieve political change by targeting non-combatants rather than a specific set of ends (Bates and Ciment, 2013). The original application of the term ‘terrorism’ was derived from French word ‘terrorisme’. This was used during the ‘Reign of Terror’; a period during the French revolution where Protestants were sought out and murdered in cold blood for maintaining their faith. In modern times, terrorism has become a major setback to global trade and economic development because of the ripple effects generated.