School and teachers can influence the extent and quality of learning for all students. Teacher’s beliefs, practices and attitudes are important for understanding and improving educational processes. They are closely linked to teachers’ strategies for coping with challenges in their daily professional life. Educators have control over numerous factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of students. They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences.
Synthesis The new trend in school management is to create and develop remarkable school leaders through training and development. A thorough review of literature showed that the leadership traits were known by its adjective expressions such as instructional, participative, democratic, strategic and transformational. To manage own resources is about managing personal resources (particularly knowledge, understanding, skills, experience and time) in order to achieve work objectives. Teacher performance management is a continuous process for identifying, evaluating and developing the work performance of teachers, so that the goals and objectives of the school are more effectively achieved, while at the same time benefiting teachers in terms of recognition of performance, professional development and career guidance. The provision of continuing professional development of school heads is considered as the most effective strategy for ensuring a turnaround in the quality of
As the most valuable resource in schools, teachers are vital to raising education standards. Enhancing the competence as well as the impartiality of schooling depends, in huge measure, on guaranteeing that teachers are profoundly experienced, motivated as well as resourced to perform at their best. Policy directions on teaching performance have perhaps lead to rising gains in student learning (OECD, 2005). In turn, the efficient monitoring and assessment of teaching are fundamental to the continuous development of the efficiency of teaching in a school. It is vital to know the strengths of teachers and those aspects of their practice which could develop further.
The change of students' learning and results is and keeps on being a worldwide instructive concern. Teachers, who are seen as focal figures in elevating students' scholarly execution to the largest amount conceivable, are and have been a noteworthy center of instructive exploration. Research has reliably demonstrated that a critical element for reducing students' conduct issues and enhancing their scholarly picks up is through the improvement of showing quality (Alderman and Nix, 1997; Darling-Hammond, Chung, and Frelow, 2002; Kyriakides, Creemers, and Antoniou, 2009). This recommends that students can advantage more from having compelling teachers. At the point when students are taught by less compelling teachers, they may not achieve their maximum capacity in learning.
He added that teachers who are effective need the means to be determined, original and inventive on teaching strategies as well as well-organized and well-planned when in risk of failure. This is continued to be supported by Paolini (as cited in The Journal of Effective Teaching, 2015) who implied that effective teachers are most likely to adopt positive relationships with students inside and also outside the classroom plus provide them with appropriate feedback and support collaborative group work. In addition to this, they work towards helping students to develop into autonomous learners who are capable of critical and creative thinking. On the
It is a process which considers the tangible situation of the local environment specifically classroom practice to improve knowledge, skill and attitude of teachers. Enhancing the knowledge of subject content and pedagogical skills of teachers through training is the key function of a government because it leads to the enhancement of students’ academic and learning achievement. They are expected to change themselves all the time because our world is rapidly changing in every aspect. To perform this, teacher CPD program is the essential one which is integrated with different courses for all teaches at any career level which enable them to own sustainable professional development in teaching (Afewerk,
Public schools are constantly faced challenges of how to improve student achievement. Precisely, this study is expected to enrich our knowledge about the learning achievement of our students at secondary school level in terms of aforementioned variables. Also it is expected to add our understanding as to the learning strategies of different groups of students. The findings reinforces the idea that teacher and parents can work together in the form of parent-teacher association. The findings of the study would help and used to formulate policies and interventions for improving students learning.
Whether it being traditional or contemporary, teachers have a various tactics such as rational arguments and creative ways (McBer, n.d.) to leave an impact on students and to influence them in bringing about positive outcomes. Petty (2009) supports the importance of teachers having an impact and influence on students and adds that effective teachers can first of all recognize the potential of the students. After recognizing the potential of students, teachers now should think analytically and conceptually as discussed earlier and develop a lesson plan that encourages students to reach their full potential or even challenging students to reach a higher level of learning. In addition, McBer (n.d.) and Petty (2009), share that there are informal ways of influencing students. When a teacher has a closer proximity with a student, the teacher will understand the student better which lead to a better understanding of the students learning styles.
Empowering teachers to lead and transform the teaching profession serves as the key to raising achievement for all students. Every child has the right to an education and the potential to learn. Research shows that the most important school-based factor impacting a student’s academic success is the quality of their classroom teacher. To prepare our students to meet the demands of the increasingly complex and global world, we need to develop improved systems to recruit, prepare, support, reward, and retain excellent teachers. In education, we not only need to support first-year teachers, but we must continue to support teachers throughout their teaching career.
Finally, Gkolia, Dimitrios, & Koustelios (2014) indicated in their study that background characteristics such as teachers’ gender, teaching experience, educational level, and age affect their self-efficacy. Teacher Efficacy and Professional Development Professional development of teachers is a strong factor that enhances teachers’ knowledge and learning. A number of studies have reflected that the said factor is imperative to a positive change of every individual that seeks development professionally. Amanulla & Aruna’s (2014) study showed a a positive relationship between teacher efficacy and professional development. The relationship indicates that increase in teacher efficacy will cause an an increase in the professional development of teachers.