(Enhancement of Literacy in Afghanistan (ELA) program) There are many reasons to why the statistics still remain low and some of the reasons are poverty, child marriages, child labour, and limited schools/long travel distances for school. These barriers hold back girls from getting an education which as a whole affects the whole country because if both genders were hold to the same value then there would be more productive and educated members in their society. Additionally, many families and individuals in Afghanistan are suffering when it comes to hunger and malnourishment since they often don’t have enough money to buy food. Therefore, children are often fed the bare minimum in order to stay alive and often that is not even enough. As a result of this, Afghanistan has a very high infant mortality rate of approximately 257 deaths per 1000 live births.
While others say this problem must be internal, regarding students’ role. This essay aims to analyze both hypotheses considering Chile’s reality. Some researchers assert that this problem must be external and is mostly teachers’ responsibility. First of all, according to Gökçe DİŞLEN, most of the time students lose their interest and enthusiasm towards language learning due to insecure classroom atmosphere and pedagogues’ harsh attitude (2013). Bad tempered and strict teachers tend to not only make students feel uncomfortable but also themselves.
This book titled “Poverty linked in large African families” unambiguously deliberate on several challenges faced mainly by large families peculiar to several African countries. Asides the issue of poverty and lack of funds to take care of the large families, this book further talks about the misconceptions and lack of adequate information and knowledge towards child bearing and family planning in general. Also, the misconceptions about gender equality in children as well as the huge expectations placed on the girl child at a tender age towards early child marriage. It is quite unfortunate that most illiterate parents who tend to bear more children they can cater for often depend on government, foreign aid and also charitable organizations to
Stress among teachers can leads to absenteeism, low motivation and low performances on the work. Teachers plays an important roles to educate and shape our future generation. If we fails to educate them, the future of our country is in danger. This is because we fails to shape leaders to leads our country in future. That how important the roles of teachers in this society but with the increasing workload among teachers make them not be able to perform well and give full commitment in teaching.
Introduction Often we hear people talk of falling standard of education or low standard of education in Nigeria. The standard and quality of education rest to a great extent on the teacher. This is because, no education system can rise above the quality of its teachers since nobody can give what he/she does not have. The low quality of education could be attributable to low performance of teachers. This situation is real and presents challenges such as: i.
As the behaviorist and positivist view replaced the former cognivist and constructivist view in the second half of the twentieth century, a shift in language learning and teaching took place during the second half of the twentieth century which later led to the appearance of socio-cultural perspectives in the 1990s. As Cunningham (2001) explains, learning is viewed as an active process where learners and teachers reflect upon their current and past knowledge and experiences to generate new ideas and concepts. As the role of teachers in the success of all education programs is receiving more attention, teacher motivation has moved to the center of attention of many studies in the field of ELT. Motivated teachers are regarded as more successful ones since they are committed to professional development and convey their enthusiasm to their students. The researcher was interested to see if there is a relationship between practicing reflective teaching and teacher motivation and if this type of practice could have positive or negative impact on the level of practicing EFL teachers’ motivation.
It could not be denied that teachers play a vital role in the educational setting and constitute the most important resources of the educational system. According to Otolube (2006), teachers’ aspiration for advancement, growth, increased sense of responsibility and work are the motivating factors that drive teachers’ development in the domain of effective teaching. Teachers, especially the generalist in the elementary, are expected to be globally competent, committed and dedicated to nurturing young minds into the best ability they can so as to meet the needs of the pupils and students for the 21st Century. In this regard, Cebrian (2009) stated that the latest trend in the 21st century education is to develop the
First off, there is the urgent need for us to review our educational system. It 's no longer news that most of our schools in Sub-Saharan Africa lack basic infrastructure; have overcrowded classrooms, are retrograde in technology, practice gender inequality and do not support most children with disabilities. But there seems to be greater problems in the
Parenting practices are another common cause of poor student behaviour, according to researchers at The University of Science and Technology in Pakistan. According to their surveys, uncaring parents and overprotective parents both contribute to poor student behaviour, but inconsistent parenting was the most prevalent parenting-related contributor to misbehaviour (Cascio, C, n.d.). This results in many young people do not listen to their parents and teachers, being rude and actively rebelling against rules and regulations. For instance, parents might spend more time at work than at home and as a result, children will lack of
Because of the following reasons, many scholars support and encourage teachers to undertake this recognizable movement in their teaching career. For the reason that teacher development plays an important and significant role in both the teaching and the learning processes, Linda Evans in an Oxford article has noted that, though the concept of teacher “has emerged over the last decade as a recognizable area of study”, it is still considered as an area of focus and attention that interests many scholars and teachers as well. She arguments her point of view by saying “there is a journal dedicated to the subject, several books on the topic…and master level module or even entire degree courses focus on teacher development. A group of key researchers and analysts in the