Reflection From undertaking this assignment, it is clear that teaching language and literacy has become even more complex. Teachers are required to have extensive knowledge of literacy learning and to skillfully use diverse strategies to ensure effective instruction. To engage learners in productive literacy learning experiences, teachers must challenge learners by setting higher expectations for them. Moreover, literacy and language instruction is critical in beginner years and teachers must embrace their role in shaping learners’ academic
In this recommendation, they emphasise that the teacher must choose the correct texts that will support the goals of teaching and improve reading comprehension. Recommendation 5- create an engaging and motivating context in which to teach reading comprehension. This precise how the teacher can motivate learners to improve their efforts to comprehend text. They said that the teacher that holds an interest of his learners may work hard in helping learners to develop good reading comprehension skills. How is this useful to your AR?
Particularly as students develop greater fluency and expression in English, it is significant for them to acquire more productive vocabulary knowledge and to develop their own personal vocabulary learning strategies. The prominent role of vocabulary knowledge in second or foreign language learning has been recently recognized by theorists and researchers in the field. Accordingly, numerous types of approaches, techniques, exercises and practice have been introduced into the field to teach vocabulary (Hatch & Brown, 1995). It is believed that communication could not be successful when individuals do not make appropriate use of correct and right words (Allen, 1983). Therefore, lexical knowledge plays an important role in learning English; L2 learners are required to learn words and use them properly so that they could be involved in effective communication.
Educators should strive to become aware of the linguistic values and attitudes implicit in and our classroom discourse (Sayer, 2008). By allowing students to use home languages, educators promote pride in learners’ ethnolinguistic identities and teach learners how to use their linguistic toolkit for academic content learning. It is important to consider the new millennium demands educators and learners not only becoming bilinguals but becoming biliterate. Biliterate individuals are distinguished by being advanced bilinguals who are proficient at communicating in two languages in terms of literacy skills, that is, reading and writing. Then, educators and learners need to adopt a lens which makes them recognize and build translanguging practices in today’s classrooms; in few words continua of biliteracy.
The knowledge and skills that are required by learners to communicate effectively in English are closely connected and translates to the learners need for every aspect in order to achieve language competency. Young and adult learners need to acquire knowledge of specific language items, such as grammar, vocabulary, and features of particular text types. Developing an understanding of how language works in the context of communicative learning activities, while integrating themselves and ensuring that they develop both implicit and explicit knowledge of the target language. 'Implicit is the knowledge learners acquire and use unconsciously, and explicit is the knowledge that requires conscious teaching and learning. Learners acquire the system
Critical thinking in reading allows learners to engage with the text more deeply and through thought-provoking questions and tasks analyse the text, which will significantly advance their comprehension. It allows the EFL learners to improve their reading skills through raising their language awareness when dealing with the text more closely. Moreover, the more advanced the learners are in the text comprehension, the better the chances this input turns into intake. Critical reading activities may vary greatly and may also include filling the tables or creating diagrams (Correia 2006). The most important point, however, that critical reading improves reading skills, transforms passive readers into active, and allows to a deeper analysis and evaluation of information, which, in turn, enhances learners’ text
Teaching and learning are active processes which go hand in hand each other. Teachers and learners are dependent one another. It is essential to realize that both the teachers and students should be informed of the crucial role of learning styles during the learning process, and it should not be neglected in the teaching of a foreign language. Language teachers’ awareness of differences in students’ learning can lead to more productive and effective lessons. Therefore, administering proper learning style preferences investigation before designing method English classroom is very important.
In this regard, Mcough and Shaw (1995: 271 – 273) provide more detailed advice as follows: Evidence also tends to suggest that the questions a teacher asks in the classrooms can be extremely important in helping learners to develop their competence in the language. It is useful to observe if teachers put questions to learners systematically or randomly, how long they wait for a response, and the type of question asked, from that requiring a simple one-word reply to higher order Referentialquestions where learners can provide information which the teacher does not know. Similarly, in the case of feedback and correcting learners, we can observe how and when the teacher does this. Questions The Longman Dictionary of English language provides the following definition for a question: a command or interrogative expression used to elicit information or a
Moreover, the present school curriculum also demands self-learning, which again directs the student towards the world of information and communication technologies. This has spread the importance and need of using English language by the young generation. The future generation teachers hence need to be well prepared and competent to face the students of the digital era. They should study and stay current. Hence, it can be stated that good communicative skills are necessary for those who aspire higher education, for acquiring better jobs, and also for application in one’s day to day life.
So, one of the most important things of the learning process is to acquire the skills (listening, reading, writing and speaking) in a language. As we know literacy is so important when we are learning a language, but first of all, it is necessary to know how to write. That’s the reason, why writing skill is so important in the communication process in a foreign language, also, we have to take into account that everyone learns in different ways. Because of that we as a teachers, have to look for writing strategies that engage the students in their learning process; specially, when they are learning another