The Importance Of Teaching Speaking

3619 Words15 Pages
2.1. Speaking Speaking is one of the most difficult parts of learning foreign language. The mastery of speaking is one aspect that most all learners eager to master. Consequently, learners often evaluate their success in language learning as well as the effectiveness of their English course on the basis of how much they feel they have improved in their spoken language proficiency. But, Many learners struggle when speaking in front of a class or a teacher. Mostly, students just listen and read when learning a language. That’s the phenomenon that is happening these days. This is happening because they are learning English in a place where it is not spoken, whereas when we are learning language, we should not forget about the five aspects of…show more content…
We will respond to the content of the activity as well as the language used. 2.3. The Objective of Teaching Speaking According to Chamberland (1987 cited in CMEC,2013:26) The literature underscores the significance of establishing clear teaching objectives as an important component of effective teaching. If the object is speaking, the teacher should establish the more specific materials related to the speaking itself and also focus on specific purpose. Teachers must be able to make clear to their students the declarative and procedural knowledge the students are meant to learn. To this end, teachers must communicate instructional goals that are challenging, and that motivate learners to align their efforts with the demands of the goal and prompt them to invest mental effort in the learning task. Students need to know why they are studying speaking. Providing them with a rationale for the causes may help them see how speaking ability relates to their daily conversation and very important to be mastered when learning foreign language. 2.4. How to Asses Speaking…show more content…
Assessment in educational settings is multifaceted process that involves far more than the administration of a test. Salvia and Ysseldyke (1991:3) state assessment is the process of collecting data for the purposes of specifying and verifying problems and making decisions about students. In teaching speaking, we can interview students or we can put them in pairs and ask them to perform a number of tasks, and the students try to imitate the sounds to practice speaking in English or follow word by word like a model. In teaching learning process, especially for teaching speaking, there are three activities that the teacher do in teaching, namely, pre teaching, whilst teaching and post teaching. Basically, speaking is difficult to mark because speaking almost certainly be very subjective unless we do something to modify this subjectivity. According to Harmer (2005:322) in order to judge the effectiveness of any test it is sensible to lay own criteria against which the test can be measured. The way of making the marking objective in teaching speaking is to use scales for a range of different items. The rating scales for the speaking test modified from H. Douglas Brown can be seen as
Open Document