Vocabulary is one of the main components of foreign language learning. Different definitions have been proposed for vocabulary. McCarthy (1990) defined vocabulary as “words in specific language or freestanding items of language that have meaning” (p. 17). Vocabulary knowledge is important because it encompasses all the words we must know to access our background knowledge, express our ideas and communicate effectively, and learn about new concepts. Students’ word knowledge linked strongly to academic success because students who have large vocabularies can understand new ideas and concepts more quickly than students with limited vocabularies.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
As we know vocabulary always plays a great role in learning English as a foreign language, especially for the students in universities, because it is a suitable time for them to improve their English skillfulness. The trend of linguistic theory play great role in the improvement of language education. Vocabulary acquisition was neglected
Learners of English have to deal with unfamiliar vocabulary during their language acquisition. Traditionally, vocabulary has not been a particular subject for students to learn, but has been taught within lessons of speaking, lstening, reading, and writing. Vocabulary knowledge involves more than knowing word definitions and knowing how to find the meanings of unknown words and phrases, interpret literal vs. non-literal language and understand shades of word meaning. It also creates better reading comprehension and the ability to engage, produce and talk about texts. Students who know more words and can also use them in the right context have a significant advantage in school and can continue using that skill to their advantage in college and career.
They have to express their views on particular topic in English in a minute. It is helpful to them in the beginning of language learning. 2. Encourages to participate in Role-Play which is one of the effective methods for language learning. It develops thinking skills and spontaneity 3.
Vocabulary has been considered as fundamental in language teaching and learning by many researchers. Vocabulary is an integral part of the language learning process. Little knowledge of vocabulary has an effect on fluency of language learning. As previous experiences indicated vocabulary learning is a major factor in learning a language, mother tongue or second/foreign language. Learning vocabulary in the earlier stages is more essential than grammar.
Particularly as students develop greater fluency and expression in English, it is significant for them to acquire more productive vocabulary knowledge and to develop their own personal vocabulary learning strategies. The prominent role of vocabulary knowledge in second or foreign language learning has been recently recognized by theorists and researchers in the field. Accordingly, numerous types of approaches, techniques, exercises and practice have been introduced into the field to teach vocabulary (Hatch & Brown, 1995). It is believed that communication could not be successful when individuals do not make appropriate use of correct and right words (Allen, 1983). Therefore, lexical knowledge plays an important role in learning English; L2 learners are required to learn words and use them properly so that they could be involved in effective communication.
Abstract This paper will mainly discuss the main factors in learning a second language. In mostly all the countries a second language is learned whether it is a official or a foreign one. This paper will cover different aspects about language, the motivation on learning a language, the ways people learn these languages and how they deal with the second languages. In order to achieve this, there will be done a qualitative research gathering information and comparing different facts and situations in learning foreign languages. We will be able to see different methods of learning languages and the importance of second languages.
Richard (2002) stated that vocabulary is the core component of language proficiency and provides much of the basic for how well learners speak, listen, read, and write. Vocabulary cannot be separated from the language because it itself is the important component of the language. Furthermore, Neuman & Dwyer (2009) defined vocabulary as “words we must know to communicate effectively, words in speaking (expressive vocabulary) and words in listening (receptive vocabulary). Vocabulary works as the smallest unit of speech in an individual’s communicates or interacting process. According to Diamond & Gutlohn (2006), vocabulary is the knowledge of words and their meanings.