The goal was to overwhelm the enemy and end the war early. Although the intended plan was unsuccessful, it still delivered a significant blow to the Germans. Artillery played a vital role in Operation Market Garden by giving several paratroopers on the ground the will to face, what seemed to be, impossible odds.
In this essay I will discuss whether General Haig deserves to be remembered as ‘the butcher of the Somme’. General Haig’s title of ‘the butcher of the Somme’ originated after the First World War, when, due to large number of casualties Britain suffered from the war and mostly the Somme. The people of Britain wanted someone to blame. This was a coping mechanism in which people could deal with the loss of the ‘lost generation’. Arguably Haig does deserve his nickname.
Anti-war sentiments grew in the North and Grant was labeled “the butcher.” Despite the high losses, Grant knew this is what had to happen in order to achieve the North’s strategic objectives in the war. Grant said, “My object in war was to exhaust Lee’s army. I was obliged to sacrifice men
Europeans generally welcomed Wilson 's points but his main Allied colleagues were skeptical of Wilson 's idealism. Germany, who felt betrayed, denounced the treaty as “morally invalid.” •Did The benefits of punishing germany after the war outweigh the drawbacks? •Punishing Germany was a not a good idea and does not outweigh the drawbacks. after the end of the war, the central powers suffered much more casualities. Of the 60 million European soldiers who were mobilized from 1914 – 1918, 8 million were killed, 7 million were permanently disabled, and 15 million were seriously injured.
Unfortunately, the machine gun early on, required teams of men to use it which made the soldiers operating them more exposed to enemy gunfire because they were responsible for reloading and making sure the gun did not malfunction. The machine gun was a significant player in trench warfare and the shift towards it, in that it made defending trenches from enemy soldiers very easy for the defending troops because of the high fire rate and wide range of fire the machine gun had. The invention of the machine gun was a factor for the break of conventional warfare in World War I and for the emergence of trench warfare. The usual strategy that was used in prior wars was no good in World War I. Soldiers could no longer run at the enemy head on and attack them because the machine gun was too quick to out maneuver or ambush.
1) INTRO: The Somme Campaign is a series of battles that took place along the Somme Valley in France between July 1st and November 19th 1916. It was the first major Anglo-French offensive on the Western Front. A lack of context has allowed it to become one of the most controversial battles in history due to the immense number of casualties that it caused over a small area of little strategic importance, however, the Somme was simply an episode – albeit an integral one - in the larger military continuum of a war of attrition. During the course of this essay, the significance of the Somme will be examined in terms of territory, casualties, Anglo (BEF)-French relations, tactics, technology, the contribution of empire forces, supplies and logistics
To many, Washington was known for his lightning campaign and timely guerilla actions, which completely unhinged the British at times (“George Washington”). He was extremely clever and tactical and was able to think of well thought out plans. Washington also had barely any experience in commanding a large army but brought many strengths to his position (“Ten facts about George Washington in the Revolutionary War”). His only experience before was during the French and Indian War. He was able to take his untrained and small army and commanded them to defeat the British.One of Washington 's smartest moves was actually off the battlefield.
Another advantage for the British was the ineffectiveness of the American’s defense strategy, which had many weaknesses. The American’s defense was made of three lines that were widely separated, so they could not give each other support, and were easily susceptible to being outmaneuvered by the British (83). All these strategies, advantages, and disadvantages are just some of the reasons why the British were successful in their attack. As a result, the British were able to burn the Capitol, the White House, the Library of Congress, the War Office, and the Navy Yard in their attack. However, after the British were victorious the British made efforts to be respectful with their treatment of the locals.
However, more specifically, the Central Powers had weak and unreliable Allies such as Austro - Hungary and the Ottoman Empire which both collapsed, leaving Germany isolated. While on the other hand the Allied Forces had powerful allies such as the USA which could contribute greater resources of men and materials. Furthermore, the British had put in place a Naval Blockade prevent the passing of cargo of any ships that attempted to pass through, this was very effective and starved much of Germany’s population. Lastly, Germany’s two front with Russia greatly weakened German forces and had larger repercussions later on. Although these are all important causes, the most factor that
Hitler's rise to power cannot be attributed to a single factor, but a combination of events, some of which were happening outside of Germany, the strength of the Nazi party and the weakness of the other parties attributed greatly to his rise. Hitler used these factors to his advantage and in 1933 he legitimately gained power to become the chancellor of Germany. The treaty of Versailles was one of the most important factors that led to Hitler's rise to power in Germany. From Germany's point of view the treaty was incredibly harsh and devastating that left them feeling humiliated. The treaty required them to relinquish their military power, substantial portions of their land, their say in international affairs and their respect.