The Byzantine Empire was a successful maritime-based civilization that connected Europe and Asia. There is much debate on whether the Byzantine Empire was a new empire or a continuation of the Roman Empire. Although the Byzantine Empire is made up of old parts of Eastern Rome, it was it’s own new civilization because of different religious beliefs, new advancements in technology, and a far superior economy to that of the Romans. The Byzantines valued Christianity and religious values much more than the Romans ever did. The Byzantine people valued their religious beliefs that it is said in document 2 that the God had more power than any living man.
In 330 A.D. a Roman emperor named Constantinople founded a city named Constantinople on the old Greek city of Byzantium. This city expanded into the Byzantine Empire, a continuation of the Roman Empire in Eastern Europe even after the Western Roman Empire fell. During the entire span of the Byzantine Empire, there were several emperors that influenced the empire, but one emperor, Justinian I, is widely acknowledged as the greatest Byzantine emperor. Very little is known about Justinian's early life, as he was born to a Latin-speaking peasant family in Tauresium, which is now the Republic of Macedonia. His mother was the sister of a Excubitor, (the Imperial Bodyguard) Justin.
Rome can easily be thought of as the most powerful empire at any given time. From 50 BCE, to 200 CE, Rome was the leader of the Mediterranean world. Stretching for about 1 million square miles, there was nothing that even compared to Rome. Spreading from current-day Italy, to Britain, to the Northern Coast of Africa; The Roman Empire was everywhere. This leaves one major question: How did the Roman Empire lose it power, land, and supremacy?
Ancient Greece had one of the most influential forms of power, philosophy, and knowledge in history. The ancient Greeks gave way to civilization in the western world as we know it today. Greece however, had different forms of power and conflict throughout it’s ancient history. Greece was not a unified empire, but is was rather made up of many separate city- states known as the Polis. The formation of these separate city-
Both civilizations felt that they should radically change their initial system of monarchy to a form of democracy, in order to better fit the needs of their people. However, ancient Greece, unlike ancient Rome, was at one point ruled by an oligarchy, until their citizens became uneasy with the manner in which they were governed. Keeping the peace among their people seemed to be on the back burner, as they attempted to strengthen ties between Greek city states to defeat the Romans in their mutual quest to expand their borders. This is important to note since the Hellenistic era of Greece, occuring during Rome’s later republic age, saw Greek influence to be at the highest it has historically ever been (Giotto 1). Moreover, the conclusion of the Hellenistic era is known to have been brought about by the Romans in the Hellenistic war.
7,38). Also, the expenditure of the empire is another factor that contributed to its demise, add to the cost of the empire’s army, it cost a fortune to manage the arm, equip them with the latest equipment, train them efficiently and having them going into war campaigns. Furthermore, in the late 18th century, contrary to previous centuries, the empire focused on spending hefty on the society rather than solely on the military, it is in this decade
- The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Caliphates both used religion as a way to unite their people, and as a justification for expansion. - The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Caliphates both used religion as a way to unite their people, and as a justification for expansion. - The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Caliphates both used religion as a way to unite their people, and as a justification for expansion. - The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Caliphates both used religion as a way to unite their people, and as a justification for expansion. - The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Caliphates both used religion as a way to unite their people, and as a justification for expansion.
He helped work encourage religions and practices throughout his empire. “...show respect for the cultural practices of the people he had conquered. He did this by adopting some of these practices himself.” (“Alexander the Great”) He also listened to his people and allowed them to return home after a long war. “At this point, Alexander had accumulated one of the largest empires in history. However, his soldiers were ready to revolt.
The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful empires in human history. The Roman Empire began in 27 BC when Octavius appointed himself ‘Augustus’, which means the first emperor. The centre of the Roman Empire was in Ancient Rome, modern day Italy, from which it conquered the whole of the Mediterranean region and its influence spread to Northern Africa, the Middle East, Central and Western Europe. The Roman Empire reached the peak of its power between 100 AD and 200 AD. The Ancient Romans had a significant influence in the countries within their empire.