It is important for many older women understand that the risk of developing cervical cancer is still present as they age. Women over the age of 65 represent for more than 15% of cases of cervical cancer. However, cervical cancer rarely occur in women who have been getting regular pap test and HPV for cervical cancer before they were 65 (CDC, 2017). The following factors may raise a woman's risk of developing cervical cancer: • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. • Immune system
Halpanny and Newman 1998 wrote: In the final months of her life, Annie Lindsell’s struggle to be allowed to die with dignity became front page news, at the end of October 1997; she won a High Court action that allowed her doctor to administer potentially lethal pain-relieving drugs to prevent her from choking to death. This High Court victory opened up the debate on Euthanasia and the laws surrounding physician’s assisted suicide. Like Annie there are many people lying in our nation’s hospital simply waiting to die, since there are nothing humanly possible that can be done to save their lives. Many of them have a debilitating chronic disease that robs them of the simple tasks such as activities of daily living (bathing, eating, etc.) and ultimately their lives.
Out of all pregnancies 4 in 10 babies are aborted. There are roughly 57 million unborn children that are killed in the U.S. alone. That is about 155 babies per hour and around 1 every 24 seconds. Some may disagree, but abortion is wrong for these reasons it is murder and murder is illegal, years after the abortion they will regret having the abortion and the woman may end up psychologically harmed. The first reason why it is wrong is it is murder because you are killing a living human maybe its not born yet but it is still alive.
Racism in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks Imagine your mother, sister, wife, or cousin was diagnosed with cervical cancer and you believed the doctors were doing everything in their power to help her. Only later you discovered her cells were used for research without consent and she was not properly informed of the risks of her treatment due to her race. This story happened and is told by Rebecca Skloot in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. Skloot use of narrative and her writing style enhances the understanding of the story. Henrietta Lacks was a young black woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer at John Hopkins Hospital.
Not only for diseases like diabetes or HIV/AIDS, there are other For example, in the year 2004, there was a case reported that an embryo was embedded in a cesarean section scar. (Meghan M. Gourley) The mother gave up to the child and chose selective abortion as the method because she couldn’t have a chance to successfully deliver the baby anyways. Selective abortion helped this woman to get rid of the unwanted as soon as possible and saved her from suffering a bigger amount of pain. Another positive implication is that selective abortions can help poor families reduce the pressure of having too many children. Some families cannot support multiple births with their economic conditions.
Sadly, it is now seen as a “last resort” for women when the realize that they do not want to continue their pregnancy. According to a study conducted by the Guttmacher Institute, “at least half of all women having abortions have had at least one previous abortion. Nearly half (45%) of all pregnancies among U.S. women in 2011 were unintended, and about 4 in 10 of these were terminated by abortion.” Just think about it, almost half of all children created were killed. Women need to take more responsibility that comes with producing a child and understand that leisurely killing your offspring is a terrible thing. If this kind of mentally continues, the abortion rate may just increase which creates a decrease in the overall population of the
Vaccines have been developed to prevent the types of HPV that are most closely associated with increased cancer risks, though the vaccines are not without controversy. On February 2007, Texas Governor Rick Perry issued an executive order that would require girls within the state to receive the HPV vaccine when beginning the sixth grade. One argument is that a mandate, a official order or commission to do something, removes parental authority. The difference is while Perry believes the HPV vaccine is no different from the polio vaccine, polio is transmitted through the breath, while HPV is transmitted by means of sexual intercourse. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates at least fifty percent of sexually active men and women will contract the human papillomavirus.
1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background of the Issue This purpose of this report is to examine the effects of the legalization of abortion on society. Abortion is the deliberate act of killing or removing the embryo from the uterus with the intention of ending a pregnancy (‘Abortion’ 2015). A survey about reasons women choose abortion shows most women do not wish for a child to cause a drastic change in her life (Finer 2005). An equal number of women chose abortion due to financial difficulties. Nowadays, women have access to safe and legal abortion, but for women who wanted an abortion in the late 19th century, that was not the case.
The Good the Bad and the Vaccine Vaccines, a term that gives some parents the peace of mind and makes some parents anxious. Vaccines makes our bodies ready to fight disease and viruses more effectively by introducing our body to microscopic amounts of viruses and bacteria. Common deadly diseases such as small pox that took many lives has now been eliminated because of the smallpox vaccine. In the past common diseases such as polio, rubella is now a rare case because of vaccination. To prevent public out break, Vaccination for childhood diseases such as pertussis, polio, measles, diphtheria, rubella is now mandatory for children attending public schools in Canada.
Medical genetics has come to be accepted as a boon to this phase of the Earth, but it has its disadvantages and controversies. Three cardinal principles are cited in the discussion of ethical issues, which are beneficence (doing good for the patient), respect for individual’s autonomy (safeguarding the individual’s rights to control his or her medical care and be free off coercion) and justice (ensuring that all individuals are treated equally). When these principles are in conflict with each other, complex ethical issues begin to arise. The ethical and policy issues usually faced by a genetic counsellor are: Genetic testing Prenatal diagnosis, especially for non-disease traits or sex. Testing for genes that lead to late - onset
Assess how multi-disciplinary working can improve the provision of health services. Case study 2 Claire is a 47 year old single mother of three children aged 12, 9, and 7. She has cervical cancer, which is now at stage 3. Multi-disciplinary strategy If Claire has a cervical stage 3 cancer, she will need a multi-disciplinary strategy to help her stage of treatment and operation. Claire will need specialist doctors and nurses to help her operation when the tumour reaches the lower third of the vagina.
Lastly, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to the recurrence of breast cancer in other parts of a woman 's body. Advancements in prostate cancer include new research in gene changes that will help understand how the cancer develops. Some hereditary genes that have specific components of the DNA have been found to actually increase the risk of cancer in men. Many scientists have discovered that substances in some foods aid in lowering the risk of contracting the cancer. Lastly, a new treatment made is high intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU, which is used to kill cancer cells in early stages by using high focus ultrasonic
According to the National Cancer Institute, about 40% of people will be diagnosed with cancer at some point in their life, and there were approximately 13,776,251 people living with cancer in 2012. Cancer is a common disease with many types and forms. The book The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot shows the story of a woman with cervical cancer, and how her illness affected herself and her family. Although cancer affects a patient physically, it also has effects on the patient mentally and financially, as well as it challenges patients to change their lifestyles for the better. The diagnosis of cancer can have an enormous impact on a cancer patient mentally.
With insufficient methods to gather information about the cancer, a number of women were accidently diagnosed with cervical cancer. Telinde wanted to improve treatment and diagnosis of cervical cancer, so he took tissue samples from Jones’ patients. Growing healthy and cancerous Samples of cervical tissue. They ended up taking Henrietta’s samples, but his coworkers were sure they would die altogether. After the procedure, Henretta Returned home and resumed her normal life once again.
In The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, Rebecca Skloot presents study cases, such as the study of vaccines and the polio vaccine to prove that HeLa cells have benefitted science for the greater good. The benefits of HeLa cells are shown when the Polio and HPV vaccine is talked about. The polio vaccine benefitted the human race by saving lives and impacted science by progressing further studies. Further studies included the HPV vaccine which gave scientists a vast knowledge on how cancer forms and how it is inserts insert into DNA. It is later proven that the study of Virology is the cause of scientists advanced experimentation with cancer and expanded their boarders with the topic.