The Importance Of The Mississippi River: Union And The Confederacy

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Mississippi was made strategically important by its proximity to the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River was important to both the Union and the Confederacy. It was valued by the Union because complete control of it would grant the Union a valuable shipping route, making it much easier to supply their troops (especially as much of the agricultural production for the Union was in the Mississippi watershed). It was important for the Confederacy to keep at least partial control of the river, because losing it completely to the Union troops would result in the Confederacy splitting in two. By 1863, the Union had control of the entire Mississippi River, with the exception of the riverside fort of Vicksburg, Mississippi. If the Union took

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