It is to make rational development and use of the environment under the precondition of protection. It is absurd to ask mankind to reverse civilization to preserve its natural primordial. Today 's environmental protection not only can not stop, but it also requires the sustained power of the economy to provide material and technological .From this perspective, economic development and environmental protection are mutually reinforcing, and the lips and teeth are mutually compatible. Developing economy must protect environment is the essential requirement of economic development. The economic development is to improve the people 's living standard.
Environmental Value: The environmental value of biodiversity can be estimated by examining process occurring in each ecosystem and identifying the resulting services. For instance, in wetlands the vegetation captures water- carried sediment and the soil organisms break down a range of nutrients and pollutants washed into the area. The above process provides the ecosystem service of purifying water. Wetlands are spawning and nursery grounds of some fishes and is a site of relief for animals tough times of drought. Forests regulate the amount of carbon dioxide in the air by releasing oxygen as a by-product during photosynthesis, and control rainfall and soil erosion.
Green infrastructure impacts on many lives of the common people like on employment, GDP and local communities. Benefits of the ecosystem were identified in 57% of projects, such as habitat enhancement and conversation of species, and socio-economic benefits and help in increasing awareness of social and environment. A step forward in green infrastructure has been in the economic evaluation. As one of the roles of this is to promote and protect
Abstract Population interacts of human increses with local and global environments to deplete biodiversity and resources humans depend on the challenging societal values centered on growth and relying on technology to decreases environmental stress. Although the need to address the environmental crisis, central to conservation science, generated greener versions of the growth paradigm, we need fundamental shifts in values that ensure transition from a growth-centered society to one knowledgeable on human well-being and biodiversity conservation. The increasing human population faces difficulties in interactions with local and global environments. The erosion of biodiversity and of basic resources raises questions about core societal values
population explosion, health and hygiene, environmental pollution, wildlife & forests and concern for the conservation of environment. Individuals must have some cognitive knowledge of the environment to develop an intelligent concern for their natural surroundings. Education is a powerful medium for changing our behavior. Thus, this is a crucial time to realize that environmental sensitivity and environmental friendly behavior should be cultivated among masses particularly among adolescents through education. For the awareness of the society about the environment, it is essential to work at grass root level so that the whole society can work to save the environment.
There are several philosophies and approaches to improving global economic and environmental problems. Many people realize the urgent need to improve conditions world- wide. This paper will identify issues with our current system and how it is affecting our relationships with self, others, the community and the environment. It will also address issues preventing change; the need for renewable energy; recycling and social problems such as inequality of income distribution/opportunity. We have serious environmental problems affecting the quality of the air we breathe; the food we eat; the water we drink and the depletion of natural resources.
In terms of positive it was clear that the economic development would enhance the people’s welfare and national income. However, economic development may also negatively affect the sustainability of nature, such as the depletion of natural resources due to excessive exploitation air pollution due to industrial pollution and construction of the infrastructure of the economy that is identical to the destruction of nature. The demands of accelerated economic growth, as was the case in the developing countries, are demanding more and more natural resources are also taken s that cause fewer natural resources inventory. Thus, there is a positive relationship between the number and the quality of natural of natural resources with economic growth, but there is a negative relationship between economic growth and natural resources inventory within the earth. In the current era of globalization, there are some developing countries including Indonesia has experiences environmental quality issue which until now it has always been a national problem that needs to find the
Outcome Dimension 2: Natural Environment and Resources Goal To protect and conserve ecosystems and natural resources Context The natural environment provides many social and economic benefits and is an essential component of urban sustainability. The environment provides food, water, and other essential commodities. Healthy ecosystems regulate the climate and attenuate the effects of extreme weather events, while improving residents’ quality of life and well-being. However, urbanization and overconsumption of resources are placing great pressure on natural environments. Expansion of urban areas results in loss of natural habitats and decimation of biodiversity.
III. Environmental Economics: A trade-off between economic activities and environmental quality This branch of study believes that a market economy expresses the consumer preferences of natural resources in the best possible way, which in turn determines their economic value. As it has been mentioned before also, human economy is dependent on the ecosystem for raw materials. And these resources limited in nature. Therefore, the most crucial concept of this branch of economics is to comprehend the trade-off between economic activities and the quality of environment.
Environment and Development: Dual Relationships Environment plays vital roles in the pursuit of a better life. It also serves as the key driver and sustenance of national and global economy growth. This is because human environment consists of interrelated and interdependent surroundings (natural, physical and material) that influence the well-being of the people, organization and institutions that made up the society (UNCTAD, 2013). For instance, it is the environment that supplies the resources (materials and non-material) and other conditions which people and organizations depend on to survive, produce and function optimally. The financial, material, human, social and natural assets, including water, air, soils, plants and animals are produced by the environment (Atolagbe & Tanimowo, 2006; Solaja, Omobowale & Alliyu, 2015).