The Importance Of The Palestinian Refugee Issue

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As from the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948 “ the Palestinian refugee issue is one of the most central and politically sensitive dimensions of the Israeli-Palestian conflict”. During the first Arab-Israeli war between 1947 and 1949 more than 750,000 Palestinians fled or were forced to leave their homes. Twenty years later during the Six Days War against its Arab neighbours, Israel occupied the last Palestinian territory, the West Bank and Gaza and with it forced an other 300,000 Palestinians to leave. These people fled to the neighbouring Arabic states of Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Iran. Today the Palestinian community is assumed to be the largest national group among refugees worldwide. More then 5 million refugees from Palestine are under United Nations custody. In addition, human rights protection of these people became essentially important according to the rapid population growth in the 20th and 21st centuries. These new circumstances led the international community to reconsider the previous and current treatment of these refugees. For more than the last sixty years, various actors of international politics have been working towards accomplishing the protection mechanism Palestinians deserve. Nevertheless the gap of this protection mechanism is huge, as well as the struggle over moral and political responsibility for the refugees.
For that reason, this paper will elaborate on the extent to which various actors should be accounted as responsible for

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