Critics are still arguing that such “powerful” Bill had to be debated and deliberated. Secondly, it is also considered that Patriot Act violates the constitutional civil liberties of the United States, especially: right to privacy, freedom from unreasonable searches, conducting wiretaps, using NSLs, search the private property without any notification and detain a material witness or a suspect with no access to lawyer. There are many evidences when the law was used inappropriate towards non-terrorist criminals. New York Times writes: “The Bush administration, which calls the USA Patriot Act perhaps its most essential tool in fighting terrorists, has begun using the law with increasing frequency in many criminal investigations that have little or no connection to terrorism.” This article shows that the government started to use “new” authority under the Patriot Act to investigate cases on drug trafficking, money laundries, blackmailers and child pornography. Justice Department arguments their position
On September 11, 2001 the world came to a stand still as a terroristic attack targeting our country killed 2,977 people. As fear ran high in every American house hold, the government quickly acted and on October 26 President George W. Bush passed the USA PATRIOT Act. The full title, "Uniting and Strenghtening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act", suggest how the government quickly acted in response to the new threat that we were experianceing. Although some may argue that it violates our civil liberties, the Patriot Act serves as an asset to help protect U.S. citizens by stopping terrorist attacks, giving the law enforcement tools to make investigations easier, and increases national security. What the Patriot Act does is it provides us with a tool to strengthen the ability that the government has to stop terrorist attacks from happening on U.S. soil.
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act allows U.S. intelligence agencies to acquire foreign intelligence information by monitoring foreign persons in the USA and abroad. This act ensures that intelligence agencies can respond in time to terminate a security threat. The most important part of this act, the Section 702 forbids deliberate monitoring of US citizens and their communication. Technically NSA has been violating this act ever since it has been enacted in 2008 because, as we know, they have been monitoring all US citizenry. NSA hides the fact that they are monitoring on US citizens without the warrant as they find some connection between the person monitored and some illegal activity to justify their monitoring.
In 2001, the 43rd President of the United States, George W. Bush, who was in office at that time, passed the USA PATRIOT ACT of 2001. The acronym USA PATRIOT stands for (Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism.) The act contains a lot of policies that protect fellow Americans from terrorists and possible terrorism affiliations and limits the government set for all in order to avoid another incident as we have seen and felt from September 11, 2001. The act was made public on October 26, 2001. There was also a Program called “If You See Something, Say Something,” which was started by the DHS in the New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority in hopes of “raising public awareness of indicators of terrorism and crime while emphasizing the importance of reporting suspicious activity to the proper law enforcement authorities.
The 4th Amendment, which is considered one of the most important in detailing the privacy we are given, states that we as persons are given freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. This amendment also says that no warrants can be issued without probable cause. Generally speaking, this created that no one can be searched unless a warrant is issued, although with someone who is in pursuit of crime, a warrant will be unnecessary. This amendment was also able to create the idea that phones cannot be tapped in with unless a warrant was written, this includes any and all phones, even public phones. The 5th amendment gives us protection against self-incrimination which allows us to have privacy of personal information.
(Bilton, 2013) Surveillance of search engines permits information to be monitored so that if any hazardous search word like how to make bomb is looked it up several times by someone then it can be identified (Anon, 2014). Also, watching over the public assists police to capture crime suspects so that government organizations can protect national security (mass surveillance 위키피디아) To be specific, after terrible incident occurred in September 11, 2001, government of United States enacted the Patriot Act which stands for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001. The act was signed by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001 in the name of declaring war with terrorism. (위키피디아) The law grants the right to Federal Bureau of Investigation to profile people who fit certain stereotypes so that potential crime and potential terror can be prevented.
In the Constitution, there is no mention for the freedom of press, assembly, religion, or speech. Since the listed freedoms are not mentioned in the Constitution, the government is free to exploit and violate them. Americans fought a war for the security of their fundamental rights, and they don’t want a constitution that would place those rights in danger of loss.The Federalists would say that a bill of rights is not needed because The Constitution is the ultimate protection of the people, and the people are the sovereigns. This can be countered by the fact that, in the Constitution, there is no mention of the freedom of religion speech, press, etc. National government is free to violate these
Torture is a topic that has come under intense scrutiny and debate regarding whether there are any circumstances in which it should be employed, and if its is absolute legal ban should not be protected and respected. Recently, terrorism has brought to the public 's eye the violent tactics used by terrorist, against humanity. The September 11 terrorist attacks, in the New York, Pennsylvania and Washington, lead to the passing of the "Patriot Act" when George Bush signed a secret finding empowering CIA to "Capture, Kill, or Interrogate Al-Queda Leaders"( Bush, 2001:). The most predicted and widely publicized
Some people believe this because they keep peoples phones records,they watch what you do, and they listen to private conversations. This is unconstitutional because our Fourth Amendment states “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects of unreasonable searches and seizures.” The U.S constitution is being violated by the NSA because they keep all phone records, they listen to private conversations ,they also spy from mostly every camera and they even search through what people have done online. The topic I chose is NSA spying, NSA stands for national security agency, what they do is watch over people in
On September 11, 2001, a terrorist attack by Al-Qaeda, a group of Islamic extremists, occurred. Four passenger airplanes were hijacked and used as guided missiles. Two airplanes struck the Twin Towers in New York while one struck the Pentagon in Virginia. The other crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. This attack forever changed the nation.