Puritans are well known for conducting witch trials and burning people on suspicion of witchcraft or heresy like the incident in Salem. These two groups originated from the Anglican Church of England. A movement that took place after the English Reformation, known as the Puritanism, advocated strict religious disciplines, religious rituals, the belief of salvation, and Christ as the center of faith. Between the two, the Puritans were the original group who sought the return of a simple and virtual Christianity. The Pilgrims were Separatists who were once Puritans, but were discontent at reforms.
Both of their journeys had a great cause of the separation from England. Both groups wanted to seek freedom in different ways but still did not come to agreement within themselves beside the fact the wanted to get away from King James and his way of castigation. Pilgrims and Puritan are similar But yet so different. The Pilgrims thought they were elected by god for salvation and only wanted to associate themselves with people
Facing persecution in Europe, the Puritans came to America in order to create a society that lived according to the Bible’s demands. They were a separatist group who believed in purifying the Church of England by eliminating all aspects of Catholicism, like the Pope, for instance (“Puritan New England; Plymouth”). They also believed in predestination. This means that God chose whether or not a person would be saved or condemned at birth. However, the Puritans did not know whether God chose them to be saved or condemned, therefore, they lived through strict policies laid out in the “Covenant of Works” and the “Covenant of Grace.” The “Covenant of Grace” declares that “nothing people do can erase their sins nor earn them a place in heaven.” Consequently, the “Covenant of Works” states that “God’s elect must do good works…to earn their salvation” (Henretta).
Puritan Period covers the history of religious reform within the Anglican Church, commonly known as Church of England (Demos, 1970). It is a period widely known in history as the migration period of Separatists escaping the remnants of Roman Catholicism in the transcended Church of England – the corruption and indecorous dogma during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (Johnson, 1970). Interestingly, Puritan Period, more than its literature, has three particularly areas of discussion that can be relatable
The Puritan colonies in New England were characterized by a church centered society. In England, the Puritan Christians desired to purify the Church of England. They did not agree with how the church system seemed corrupted by Catholic values and theology. Following the lead of John Calvin, the Puritans believed in the
Despite their deeply religious values, the members of the Puritan Society in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible are equally as sinful as the rest of the world. The Puritans, known for turning to God when given any matter at hand, lay blame on the Devil, regardless of their contradictory values. By blaming on him for their wrongdoings, the Devil earns power through the Puritans restoring to involve him whenever any one thing goes wrong. Power is defined by one’s reputation, status, wealth, gender, and age; although the natural deciding factor of one’s power in the Puritan society is land, the Devil himself holds ultimate power. Despite the fact that he does not appear as a human figure, he controls the thoughts and actions of the Puritan society, serving as the ultimate threat.
During the 17th century, a group of people known as the Puritans came to the United States from England. The Puritans fled from England to escape religious persecution, and they settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, where they were free to practice their own religious beliefs. The Puritans believed in ideologies involving predestination, original sin, and the Bible as being the sole source of God’s law, and they focused much of their lives around living a minimalistic-styled lifestyle without excess. Many Puritan writers emerged during the time, and much of these religious beliefs are expressed in their writing. Two notable Puritan writers include Anne Bradstreet, who wrote “Upon the Burning of our House”, and Jonathan Edwards, writer of “Sinners
It is stated in the Bible, “Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live’’ (Exodus 22:18 King James). This is presumably the reason that the town of Salem first thought of the idea of witchcraft when the girls were ill. Salem was a very religious town, following the Bible in every way they could, so when there was talk of witchcraft, they followed what they were taught and what they believed in which was not allowing a witch to live. Nowhere in Exodus 22:18 does it say anything about torturing! But according to The University of Chicago, Giles Corey was. He was never put on trial for being a witch but in order to get information out of him, they sentenced him to the “peine forte et dure” which means that they laid him down on the ground and placed rock after rock upon his stomach.
Thus, many Puritans left England in April 1630 to travel to the New World (Martin 1984: 20) to found a “godly community” (Westerkamp 1999: 2). The ships arrived in the wilderness, a harsh place that required strict rules and religious guidance and “Faith in God’s providential plan” to endure the circumstances (Martin 1984:4). This reassurance had already taken place on their way to the New World when John Winthrop delivered his speech, according to which the Puritan community was as a “City upon a hill” representing a model of “biblical commonwealth”(Westerkamp 1999:10). Consequently, the community established fixed power relations wielding much authority to the ministers who often also were medical authorities and, consequently, caused an intersection of spiritual and medial issues (Lutes 1997: 314). The announcements of the Puritan misters influenced the community strongly since the people’s interpretations were based on them (Lutes 1997: 313).
According to critic Leites, puritans pursue a life which is “in the realm of everyday conduct, ethically strict; in the realm of belief, meticulously scrupulous; in matters of ritual, simple, and in matters of piety, deeply concerned with the inward state of the soul” (Leites 383). He further argues that the piety is analogical with the Puritan’s notion of love, which requires not only the “outward fulfillment of the duties of marriage”, but also “the proper intentions and feelings towards the spouse” (Leites 383). Although there seems to be an existence of a general believe towards the significance of Love and Marriage among puritans in that period, when examining how these subjects are discussed in puritan poems, it is recognised that differences persist. In this essay, poems from two puritan poets, Anne Bradstreet and Edward Taylor, will be analysed and compared with emphasis on the topics of Love and