According to The European Graduate School (2012: Internet) Plato 's most influential work was the one of The Republic, as this was part of his middle dialogues. It is a discussion of the virtues of justice, courage, wisdom, and moderation, of the individual and in society. It works with the central question of how to live a good life, asking what an ideal State would be like, and what defines an individual. These lead to more questions regarding the education of citizens, how government should be formed, the nature of the soul, and the afterlife. The dialogue finishes by reviewing various forms of government and describing the ideal state, where only philosophers are fit to rule.
This logically leads to debates of human countryside, the success of knowledge, the distinction between presence and realism, the components of an real education, and the basics of principles. The republic is a Socratic discussion, inscribed by Plato around 380 BC. It is a 4 volume book. Plato 's advanced philosophical opinions appears in The Republic. The Republic is an inspection of the "Good Life"; the accord reached by applying pure reason and justice.
The Judicial branch composes of the court judges whether actions violate laws and where laws violate constitution" This shows that the separation of powers allows for the branches to constantly check each other and to ensure a fair and equal government. In conclusion, the separation of powers helps control the government and prevent them from breaking the rules of the constitution and how they should govern. The Separation of powers allows for each of the branches of the government to check each other and ensure they all follow the rules and laws set by the constitution. Separation of powers is a key factor in our government
The current Jury system fits our Democratic society and the rights within the constitution. When the constitution was first created the Jury system was given the qualities obtained today. Changing or taking away the rights that have existed for so long is wrong. As said by the article Why Jury Trials are Important to a Democratic society, “The right to be tried by jury of your peers was so important that is merited inclusion in the highest law of the land.” The jury trials give a second chance to the accused. Also once left those people that were involved in the juries leave with a rare experience and have much more respect in the constitutional process.
THE TEMPEST: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY ON SHAKESPEARE’S LAST PLAY Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government, what makes a government just, the freedom of its underman, duties of the citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher 's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.
The principle is intended to be a protection against arbitrary governance, whether by a dictator or by oligarchy. Thus, the rule of law is hostile both to monarchy and to anarchy. However, this principle will only exist with the presence of a transparent system, the main components of which are strong enforcement structures, a clear set of laws that are freely and easily accessible to all, , and an independent judiciary to safeguard citizens against the arbitrary use of power by the state, individuals or any other organization in a society. A widely shared cultural belief that the law should rule is the essential
Plato stated “equity is a necessary element supplementary to the imperfect generalisation of legal rules”. The term equity refers to the moral aspect of law where fairness and good conscious are taken into account when deciding case outcomes. Equity is the principle of law established in the court of chancery by the Lord Chancellor. These principles progressed on account of the shortfalls and severity of the common law in regards to dealing with specific disputes. In equity the disputes are decided according to the facts of the case and good conscience.
The holdings and collective rationale of Courts can be studied only in retrospect, and not by anticipatory analysis of any sort. However, it can be argued that one may validate this premise by the virtue of applied logic alone, as follows: first, that federal judges do, at this moment, maintain a schematic of strict life tenure granted to them by the Constitution. Second, that the actions of federal judges in the context of these executive orders were at conflict with the intentions of the executive. Third, that these actions by the judiciary – irrespective of personal political belief and assured by rigorous congressional scrutiny upon the judicial appointments of its officers – resulted from the courts interpreting the Constitution to the best of their respective wisdom and legal
Consequently, Cicero articulates his theory of natural law as the ideal legal foundation for political communities – his “thesis aims to bring stability to states, steadiness to cities, and well-being to communities” (Laws 1:37). Cicero defines law as “the highest reason, inherent in nature, which enjoins what is to be done and forbids the opposite” (Laws 1:18). Here, Cicero posits a notion of what law ought to be based upon an abstract conception of nature. Following, Cicero seems to offer another definition of law, one that is formulated “in the human mind” by the same ‘reason’ and which similarly commands good and forbids wrong, which is “wisdom” (Laws 1:19). Given this, Cicero asserts that justice emanates from law.
This is also known as the golden rule of the interpretation. Furthermore, the court will turn to secondary assistances of the interpretation to find the intention of the legislature, for an example, the long title of the statute, the headings to chapters and sections, the text in the other official