The Importance Of The Scientific Method

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1. Why is the Scientific Method a powerful tool?
The scientific method is a powerful tool because it allows one to generate accurate and repeatable predictions if each step is taken correctly.
2. What are the two classes of investigation? Be able to name and describe each using examples.
The first class of investigation is the descriptive investigation, which is an inductive method that investigates associations between facts and infers general information from a pool of observations or facts. An investigation that is descriptive would be one in which students were observed to determine which lunch selections were the most preferred. The second class of investigation is the experimental investigation, which is a deductive method that seeks
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A falsifiable statement must be framed in a way that allows one to prove or disprove it by taking some action. If something is replicable, that means it can be repeated. A replicable experiment must include precise data and detailed procedures.
4. What are the 6 steps in the scientific method?
The six steps in the scientific method are observation, hypothesis formation, methods, data collection and analysis, results, and conclusions and implications.
5. Does an observation have to be simple or complex?
An observation does not have to be simple, and it does not have to be complex. An observation only needs to be able to give one some information or background that can be used to come up with a conclusion or promote or advance research into a question.
6. What is a hypothesis? What is the difference between the null hypothesis and the research hypothesis?
A hypothesis is a potential explanation for some phenomenon, such as a cause-and-effect relationship, that can be tested to be proven or disproven. The research hypothesis (H1) is the potential explanation that will either be proven or disproven and that was inspired by a theory or observations, and we accept the research hypothesis if it is proven correct through experimentation. The null hypothesis (H0) is a statement that falsifies the research hypothesis. We reject the research hypothesis if the null hypothesis is proven through
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Is it better for a hypothesis to be general or specific?
Generally, it is better for a hypothesis to be specific, as it allows for one to come to an answer of “yes” or “no” or comparably easy conclusions as to whether the hypothesis was correct. However, hypotheses can be general or specific, and this depends on what idea one is examining.
8. Does science prove things?
Science cannot always prove things due to our own limitations on what questions we know to ask, how to ask them, how to test them, and in our abilities to observe and understand the world and its phenomena wholly. Instead, science more often disproves things; we disprove null hypotheses to prove research hypotheses and disprove outdated ideas and theories with the results of novel and replicated experiments.
9. Being able to reject the null hypothesis accomplishes what?
Being able to reject the null hypothesis allows us to accept the research hypothesis.
10. What role does probability play in accepting the validity of

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