Student say that acquiring vocabulary in a second language is very difficult, using their native language is an instinct, therefore they lack confidence in using a second language to communicate with others. Sometimes it is not easy for students to find the words when they are asked to speak in class. They avoid participating or take their time to build ideas in their mind, searching for the right words to answer. “Vocabulary learning is an essential part of foreign language learning as the meanings of new words are very often emphasized, whether in books or in classrooms. It is also central to language teaching and is of paramount importance to a language
The lack of proper pronunciation causes problem for students in real life communication. On the other hand, most students believe that if they are better in pronunciation, they will be more confidence in English. It is also seen that generally pronunciation is neglected in classrooms. Even if pronunciation is taught with considerable amount of time, students should practice individually. Practicing only in classroom is not enough for achieving desirable
The Aural-Oral Approach in English Language Teaching In English language teaching there are several approaches that can be applied in a classroom. Each one has purpose and gives concern to certain skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) development. One of these approaches is Aural-Oral Approach. The Aural-Oral Approach is based on developing two language skills: listening and after that speaking which is the earlier stage of learning a language (Geri, 1990). Aural means related to sense of hearing and oral related to verbal communication.
Teachers need to understand the actuality of the ELL student's English level to build upon their English skills effectively. Michelle Yvonne Szpara explains "Content area teachers, administrators, and policymakers often confused conversational fluency with academic language fluency, and mistakenly assumed students who could informally chat about personal topics could also read, write, and converse about formal academic language." (Sparza, 2017) By teachers creating the discrepancy between assuming their ELL student's English level find it difficult to improve their English proficiency because ELs start faking that they understand and try to fly under the radar. Without the understanding of ELLs proficiency leads students to drop out of high school because they are not getting the necessary attention. With the enactment of CCSS came into the classroom, federal and state governments are not providing the necessary support to better help teachers educate this specific subgroup of
One reason for inadequate bilingual teacher preparation is the fact that some teachers use the transmission as part of their teaching-learning process instead of applying correctly the bilingual program that the school has. The transmission model of teaching has been used in traditional schooling it aims to view students as empty vessels that the teacher must “fill” with knowledge. This teaching style defines knowledge as “a collection of facts, concepts, principles, and theories that were discovered by experts in the different academic disciplines and packaged into the formal curriculum” (Villegas & Lucas, p.
For decades, it has been a disagreement in the public education system on how teachers have to challenge themselves with the new comer that do not know or is proficient with the English language. However, as those teachers are concerned about the education of their students, even though, these teachers recognize that the English language learner are smart students. Yet, there is only one problem the student must meet and that is the lack of language. Thus, these students’ participation in the classroom are minimum, and more in the social studies where it is more competitive than the other subjects, as social studies require more reading and research skills. That’s why, it has become important problems for these teachers as they are trying
The importance of critical thinking couldn’t be more highly prioritized in academia, even when its application faces much constraint in English language development. What could be so important about a non-linguistic skill in classrooms that are generally devoted to improving linguistic abilities? Critical thinking might play an extra-linguistic role in the context of English language learning, and writing could be one of several modalities used to realize this role in secondary classrooms. It is stated that in the 1970’s, many sociologists and cognitive scientists were interested in the acts of composing as a way to observe how students learn (Sokolik, 2003). Subsequent teaching developments in writing that emphasized problem solving build upon the foundation of these findings.
For teachers to teach reading effectively their lessons should include vocabulary, decoding skills, fluency and comprehension strategies. Using these techniques and strategies taught in class students can make connections to build up their reading comprehension. As we discussed with our first article, students who have better automaticity obtain more cognitive abilities that they can put forth to work with reading comprehension. Therefore, reading fluency, the use of accuracy and automaticity, connects to student’s reading comprehension. A student’s reading success depends of their reading
For Hill (1992, p. 42), the students’ overuse of their mother tongue is one of the main issues of book discussions in EFL classes. It is necessary for the teachers to emphasize the importance of discussing the texts in English. Otherwise, the activity cannot be meaningful and helpful to improve the learners’ communicative competence in the foreign language. Furthermore, teachers could deal with conflicts or behavior problems that may emerge from group work. Literature circles may improve the class climate, but creating and maintaining a positive and respectful atmosphere is difficult.
Second, many students are good in reading and writing, but they have poor speaking and listening abilities. Finally, many students memorize words from dictionaries, but they could not use them to speak in English or to communicate in formal situations. Therefore, teaching speaking is very important part in English language teaching and