The Importance Of Tourism In Indonesia

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1.1 Background of the Study Indonesia is one of the country in Southeast Asia that is crossed by the equator and located between Asia and Australia, also between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea and also has been called as archipelago or a chain of islands because it consists of a number of islands between 13,000 and more than 17,000. It is bordered by Malaysia (on Borneo), Papua New Guinea (on the island of New Guinea), Timor-Leste (East Timor) on the island of Timor (Mccoll, 2005). As an archipelago country, Indonesia has lots of natural wealth with various cultures, customs, and religions which can certainly be utilized in the field of tourism as a commodity sector that is very good for the economy and as a second country 's foreign exchange earner after the oil and the natural gases. Since 1978 in the Suharto administration, the government has continued to develop the tourism in increasing foreign exchange earnings, expanding employment, and introducing culture. That is why the development of tourism must be maintained to build a national image. Indonesia as an archipelago country in the world has lots of maritime tourism potential that is very beautiful. The Indonesian sea provides the biodiversity and the beauty of the beach that can be the main tourism destination. Maritime tourism is one of the best programs and the first priority that can be use by the government to increase the national income. To increase the national income, this

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