The Importance Of Tourism In Sustainable Development

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Tourism has an important impact on job creations and is employment intensive. It offers a direct and accessible entry point into workforce, in both urban and rural communities and particularly in developing countries. One out of every eleven jobs worldwide is directly or indirectly linked to tourism. Its global spread in industrialized, developing and developed states has produced economic and employment benefits in diverse sectors – including from construction to agriculture or telecommunications. Developing and emerging economies have a huge share in this growing sector, with 45% of all international tourists arrivals coming from developing countries, this number is expected to reach 57% by 2030. For around one-third of developing countries, tourism is their principal export. It ranks as the top exporter in many emerging economies, including many LDCs. Further, this sector also offers diverse investment opportunities for innovative SMEs and micro businesses. Tourisms’ Share in Sustainable Development In the recent past, tourism has been highlighted as one of the sectors which can drive the shift towards a green economy. The Rio+20 Outcome Document ‘The Future We Want’ (2012) describes tourism as a sector capable of making ‘a significant contribution to the three dimensions of sustainable development’, i.e. environmental, social and economic. 2015 was an important year for trade and development as it witnessed the transition from the Millennium Development Goals

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