Introduction “The Body and the Reproduction of Femininity” from Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture and the Body by Susan Bordo (1993) introduces the discourses around the female body, and the different perspectives that influence this body. She goes on to explain that the body is a medium for culture, from which contemporary societies can replicate itself. In addition, Bordo (1993) provides continuous insight on how women have changed throughout the years to be more within societies norms, and how they have transformed so much to manage their bodies to becoming desirable within the culture. Throughout this essay, I will be explaining how women have for centuries, used there bodies as a means to rebel against these norms that have been placed upon them, such as being a typical housewife. For years, women have been discriminated against and unable to speak their opinion.
There was a time when feminism was avoided by artists, saying that they believed that women and men are and should be treated as equals in society, yet being a feminist was yet again too aggressive a term to be. But all of a sudden feminism became cool. It moved from first being accepted by society as a word that resonated with placards and street rallies to chic, fierce and edgy. An example for this would be 2014 when Beyoncé was at one of MTV’s biggest music awards night, Video Music Awards (VMA’s). After her performance the word “FEMINIST” in big bold shining letters was flashed and like a virus spreading, artist per artist claimed to be a feminist.
This common interest of postmodern feminists about women’s bodies and how it serves as a “feminine language” to define identity continues to represent explorations, discovery and opinions of the traditional mind and body dualism, the role of sexual analysis in the development of gender and the self as well as the analytical modes of exploration of the body which all in all defines what it means to discuss about postmodern feminist issues in this twenty-first century. For example, in Mislina Mustaffa’s opinion, the female body directly reflects an artistic subjection to what is considered a norm to women in society today. Nevertheless, the artist disagrees with such manner. The entire discovery of what makes a woman a woman in fact lies in the matter other than the body itself. One route of inquiry along these lines concerns reevaluation of the senses and the conservative materials that are fashioned into forms or ideas that define the identities of women today.
1920s Fashion As a result of World War 2 , the Women 's Rights Movement era started to grow and change politically , socially and economically . Society was reacting to the new world and it mirrored into a new lifestyle not just for everyone but majority for women . Women wanted to express themselves and live how they wanted to .Trend a popular trend especially in styles of dresses and ornament or manners of behavior vogue .
Alice Paul was the leader of The National Women’s Party. She had a more militant strategy than NAWSA. She wanted to have parades, public protests, and picketed of the White House during World War One. The picketers were arrested and jailed. In jail they went on hunger strikes.
Women have always had to fight for equal rights from the beginning of the Revolutionary War to present day. Although, women have the right to vote, it doesn’t guarantee women are treated equally. Women are still being paid less than men; “full-time working women earn just 78 cents for every dollar a man earns” ("Did You Know That Women Are Still Paid Less Than Men?"). In the 1960s, women were expected to get married and stay at home taking care of the children. At the time period, jobs for women were limited, “38 percent of American women who worked in 1960 were largely limited to jobs as teacher, nurse, or secretary” ("The 1960s-70s American Feminist Movement”).
Gender Roles and heterosexuality Gender has played a major role since the beginning of time, dictating how individuals should act within society. Gender is a fabricated concept which is shaped and brought forward by various institutions, such as the media, religion, culture and other systems. These hugely influential gender roles are so deeply rooted in individuals that they are accepted as social norms and standards that are rarely questioned (Johnson and Repta). According to Trier-Bieniek and Leavy (n.d), gender is the certain expectations of how femininity and masculinity should be acted out based on people 's assigned biological gender.
INTRODUCTION "A gender-equal society would be one where the word gender does not exist: where everyone can be themselves," said Gloria Steinem, a gender equality activist. The term gender itself is referred to by Lindsey (2015) as social, cultural, and psychological attributes of being females and males in particular social context. They are learned through social interactions. Moreover, it categorized people as feminine or masculine It can also determine someone's capability, behavior, and traits that signified their femininity and masculinity (Abrams, 2012).
Introduction Gender in perceived as a socio-cultural construct of male and female identities that determine and influence the manner in which people live and construe their vicinity, and those around them (Lee, 2005). Typically, gender is natural. Nonetheless, it is also learned directly and indirectly in the society. In a broad sense, gender refers to the opportunities, societal attributes, and relationships affiliated with being masculine or feminine (Lee, 2005). In this regard, gender roles are perceived as behavioral norms and patterns that are affiliated with males and females in a particular culture, system, or social group (Fairbairn, Blanckenhorn & Székely, 2007).
Mead, an anthropologist with research in women’s sexuality and socialization, dissects the temperaments of each gender. She specifically focuses on the “cultural assumptions that certain temperamental attitudes are ‘naturally’ masculine and others ‘naturally’ feminine,” (241). Mead considers that society may eventually learn to tolerate and accept the natural diversity, “It is a two-edged sword that can be used to hew a more flexible, more varied society than the human race has ever built, or merely to cut a narrow path down which one sex or both sexes will be forced to march, regimented, looking neither to the right nor to the left,” (242). Today, gender molds are slowly being broken with the increasing use of gender-neutral bathrooms, toys, and clothes. This can be an issue for some, manipulating families who recently had a baby boy or girl into thinking it is not okay for them to have gender-segregated items in fear of ruining the baby
In American culture control over key resources seems to be the most important to the gender stratification. Throughout time, women in America were not equal to men. The men in most cases earned money for the household, held political position, could vote, and own property. Women were there to take care of the children and the household. Over time women began to take on roles outside of the household.
Mona Charon’s essay “Modern Family”, she explains the traditional roles in a marriage between a husband and wife. The roles between a husband and wife are, the husband works all day while the wife stays home and care for their children, but only 23% of families the United States model this image. With an image of a mother with a part-time job shows the majority of families in the Unites States. (1) In most marriages, the roles that husband and wife play
Women’s rights should not be divided by liberal or conservative thought, but since the public perceived New Left radicals as essentially the same as feminists, it created another divide between liberal and conservatives. ¬Since the 1960s, the government’s policies on women’s rights have changed slightly, but the downfall of these changes is that much of what feminists worked towards in the 60s and 70s is possible in theory, but had not yet come to fruition. The best example Rosen gave was the new idea of the working mom “superwoman” who did it all (p. 295), but even though more people accepted that idea, men stepping in to assist women at home was still unthinkable. The movement is not only about woman gaining more freedom, but also about men and women being viewed as equals regardless of what they do. While conservatives often view this as an infringement on men’s rights, that is not the purpose of the movement, so the liberal-conservative dichotomy is not an effective way to examine the Women’s Rights
Over the years there have been many movies that have come out were characters either fall in their gender roles or they step out of their gender roles. When movies first came out, filmmakers usually made movies where characters within the movie had typical or traditional gender roles. The reason that they did that was because they wanted to present viewers with characters they can easily recognisable and relatable to, by portraying a conventional image of a person or group of people with identifiable characteristics. There are many examples of this.
Looking in from the outside, the journey of Women’s rights was a lengthy one, and it has come a significant way from what it began as. It was a long road to freedom that started with just a few women protesting together for change in the mid 1800’s to the large movement it is today. What started only as an effort to put women on equal footing with men in the voting realm blossomed into a full on fight against gender norms and independence through protesting, speeches, and gatherings. Gender norms or ‘roles’ are (as defined by Webster’s dictionary) “a set of societal norms dictating what types of behaviors are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for a person based on their actual or perceived sex” and they are one thing that modern feminist have set their sights on to change for the better. Traditional gender roles have continued to exist for hundreds of years through perpetrators such as religion, government and society, and its effects have been felt by every woman, whether they realize it or not.