If there is a problem manager normally look back at experience and the solution to the problem. This is a way organization form strategy decision. The existing culture of the organization is a major impact. If it is an organization that is reluctant to change and doesn’t embrace innovation, then they are going to make decisions and approach strategy based on something already existed or their experience. The problem with this is it stifle innovation and can prevent innovative change.
In the past, researchers have proven that organisations that implement transformational leadership when dealing with change in the organisational context are more successful in managing employees’ outcomes (Chou, 2014). The role of a leader as not only a symbolic figure but also as a form of guidance helps create a smooth transition in times of turmoil. Many change efforts are unsuccessful because change leaders often overlook the central role individuals play in the change process (Kavanagh & Ashkanasy, 2006; Porras & Robertson, 1992). In workplace environments where employees are comfortable with the tasks delegated and other work processes, change becomes something difficult to be introduced, implemented and accepted (Reichers, Wanous, & Austin, 1997). This is because an introduction of organisational change leads to interruption of normal routines in an organisation.
5.2 Innovation and Technology In this section is going to be explained the role of the technology and innovation in Oakley. Since their origins, as is aforementioned in the introduction, Oakley has been implementing and improving its technology in order to be a leader in the market. Innovation is one of their principles and core values, the fact is that innovation means growth, because once the market becomes obsolete, the company that has been able to develop the next or future technology is the one that would lead the next generation of products, that is one of the reasons why Oakley focuses so much on innovation. Innovation comes from three different points; technology, market and design. Technological innovation and market innovation
Leadership is limited by the perspectives that we have which are usually informal theories that we know to be normal. Critical social theory is a tool to get a perspective for leadership theory and is a direct rejection of positivism. Research is said to be biased because those who engage in it, weather or not they are aware of it, act from a set of assumptions that influences their decisions. Critical social theories also assume structural inequality and challenge the taken for granted assumptions while holding people responsible for their own liberation and progressing toward social justice. There are three central themes of critical social theory that were chosen to enhance the understanding of leadership.
Why is ethical leadership more important than ethical codes of conduct? Some people may think that ethics code of conduct is enough to create an ethical organization. Code of conduct does not enough to create ethical organzation because of the nature of the relationship between leaders and followers. First premise, leaders influence followers. They can affect followers’ lives either negatively or positively.
Organic organisations can also suffer from ineffective leadership, due to the fact that employees can feel like they are part of the leadership. This is an issue when leaders attempt to implement change and employees don’t respond to the new direction as they believe they are “above” it. To correct these organic structures need to maintain a defined leadership that is active in decision-making and
1. INTRODUCTION This paper studies the Phases of Innovation Adoption in Businesses: the Effects of the Environment, Organization, and Top Management. The hypothesis of the thesis is: Top Managers’ Favorable Attitude toward Innovation Positively Influence all Phases of an Innovation Adoption. The main question of the research is: How Does the Top Managers Influence the Phases of Innovation Adoption? And the sub questions consist: What are the Phases of Innovation Adoption?
The autocratic leadership is found with the evidence of efficient decision making processes of leaders. The leaders in this style are appropriate for the urgencies and crises in which rapid decisions are required. However, the subordinates may not have experience of being consulted. The negative aspects of the autocratic leadership involve the ignorance of subordinates’ opinions. There is overdependence on the leaders because of which it is not easy to make decisions in the absence of leaders.
As Yukl(2013) continued discussing Influence outcomes, specifically Resistance he stated "Influence attempts can also affect interpersonal relationships and the way other people perceive the agent (e.g., ethical, supportive, likeable, competent, trustworthy, strong). An influence attempt may improve the relationship or make it less friendly and cooperative." For me, I see the delicate balance a leader must maintain when engaging influence tactics, here again, knowing the individual can steer the outcome. Communication; I felt that communication is a key component for leadership and I still do. The contrast is how that communication is conveyed, I now understand the non verbal is just as crucial for the relationships of leadership.
Language is also important as using words such as fairness and honesty might trigger moral considering. However, evidence recommends that numerous administrators are hesitant to frame issues in moral terms since this can lead to disharmony, distorting decision-making and proposing that they are not useful. Instead issues will probably be talked about as far as balanced corporate self-interest. Furthermore, reward mechanisms have clearly potential consequences for ethical behaviour, which could be both positive and negative way depending on what action will be rewarded. There are ways in which managers may encourage ethical behaviour, for instance by guiding subordinates, by setting targets which are so challenging that they can only be achieved through cutting unethical actions.