The Importance Of Translation In English

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linguistic and cultural elements and meanings into the TL and encoding the text into the new language and context. Translation, just like any other piece of writing, has a flow and a rhythm. It should reproduce both the style and the context of the original text and respect the TL writing conventions. For instance, many Romance languages are characterized by very long sentences and paragraphs which, inevitably, need to be shortened in English without losing or changing the style, the context or the ‘flavor’ of the original text.
Writing skills are generally taught in most foreign language courses and there is always a need to refer to focus, organization, elaboration, style and conventions. The same applies to translation and therefore the
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Although translation has long been thought to be one of a few key cognitive processes in writing, in this topic we boldly propose for consideration the view that translation is the fundamental cognitive process of writing. The four cognitive processes in the Hayes and Flower’s (1980) model – planning, translating, reviewing and revising – may be the higher-level executive functions of brain that regulate communication across many mental processes involving different brain systems not only for writing but also for many other functions (Berninger & Richards, 2002). We acknowledge that skilled translation requires ability to plan the content or methods of translation, review what is written so far, and when problems are detected in translation, repair them through retranslation. However, sometimes writing may not draw on planning processes and exhibit only flow knowledge telling (Galbraith, 2009), or may not draw on reviewing and revising (e.g. no knowledge transformation for audience). Writing always requires, as a minimum, some translation (transformation of one or more cognitive representations into written language), whether or not it is planned,…show more content…
International students especially find the written demands of their courses extremely challenging. On top of the complexity of the vocabulary of academic English they have to learn a series of conventions in style, referencing and organization. Academic Writing is a flexible course that allows students to work either with a teacher or by themselves, to practice those areas which are most important for their studies. Many students find that they have very limited time to prepare for their courses, and that writing is only one of several skills they need to master. Skills are developed from writing at the paragraph level, through organizing the various sections of an essay, to discussing statistics and describing charts. Writing Process guides students from the initial stage of understanding an essay title, through reading and note-making, to the organization of an essay and the final stage of proof-reading. Elements of writing deal with the key skills that are needed for all the types of assignments, such as making definitions and giving references which is organized alphabetically. Accuracy in writing gives remedial practice in those areas that students tend to find most confusing, such as definite articles and relative pronouns, again in alphabetical order. Writing models gives

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