The Importance Of Universality Without Uniformity

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Universality without Uniformity can be explained with moral pluralism. It states that there is no single and complete rational ordering of rationally relevant goods. Schweder states that at some point, human reason reaches a limit that allows for discretion as to which values or goods to favour. Moral pluralists believe that there is no distinct ordering of moral codes and goods. Because there are many questions directed towards moral codes and their relevance in society this leads members, of different cultures, to disagree on what is important and what is pointless. Different societies or communities have different moral codes/beliefs and place different levels value onto these beliefs. Schweder uses the example of the town of Bhubaneswear where a son’s eating habits after his father’s death is seen as more of a moral breach of character than a poor man being turned away at a hospital due to his social class. In Western Society, the poor man being refused treatment would be seen as a moral breach of character as everyone, despite their status deserves health care. Despite this complete juxtaposition this does not mean that the people of Bhubaneswear are morally inferior to that of Western society but this should show that certain cultures and societies view certain things as more morally correct than another. Schweder argues that we should not draw a conclusion based on a moral breach because we do not have an understanding of that society and therefore cannot identify
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