It is said that changes in the workplace is due to the ever-changing nature of work and role of the workplace in business strategy (O’Neill and Wymer, 2011). Several factors has contributed to the change in the workplace and one of it is the evolution of technology. Technology has made life simpler by making it possible to communicate through several platforms and enable us to work from a virtual office. So, employees do not need to be in the office all the time as they can work from home or elsewhere. This is particularly encouraging for working mothers as it is easier for them to juggle between work and taking care of their kids.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION Environment literally means surroundings and all those things that impact human being during the lifetime. A working environment is a situation where people work together to achieve organization objectives. It means structures, measures, systems and tools and all those things which interact with employees and affect in positive or negative ways on employees work. It can also be defined as the location where a task is completed. The distance of the world is diminishing at a faster rate because of technology, distances are getting shorter, and events in other parts of the world are affecting us more immediately than in the past.
According to Root he discusses the importance of teamwork in the workplace. Firstly he looked at delegation. A team that works well together understands the strengths and weaknesses of each team member. One of the benefits of strong teamwork in the workplace is that team leaders and members become proficient at dividing up tasks so they are done by the most qualified people. Without strong teamwork, it can be difficult for managers and executives to determine which staff members can best accomplish job tasks.
A.1 Discussion on traditional workplace methods, limitations, inadequacy in global context Workplace trends depend on the environment or the culture of the company. Different companies have different needs. Some companies needs their employees to work in the offices and some companies needs will be their employees working away from their desk. Before most of the companies used to follow traditional workplace methods, where all the employees had to work from the office. Cultural shift Cultural shift is with a relaxed attitude towards working hours which comes with a more relaxed management style, where employees are not controlled but they are trusted to set their own plans and in their own way of working style and which will be productive for both for the employee as well as for the organisation.
Workplace learning may be not location specific as the context of workplace in this paper focus on the professional function and responsibility rather than a site specific role. Workplace learning when implemented with care will meet the personal and career development needs of individuals as it encapsulates the view that it is broader than education and training as performance should be one of the key factor in this definition. Description of Workplace The workplace to be discussed is
Employee engagement is a role the employees play in creating a resilient environment for the organization. Employee engagement means that workers are committed to their jobs and switched on at work. This role consists of Career contentment- employees are content with what they are doing, Feasible management- workers display leadership qualities and become more innovative. This encourages resilience as employees are problem solvers and more innovative. "Tesla encourages employee engagement by creating a dashboard that conveys results from a valuable anonymous internal survey that let workers share reviews and concerns to better understand employees.
Self-efficacy is referred to as an individual’s self-belief in his ability to accomplish particular tasks and it has been related with workplace performance, the experience of stress, burnout, and role adjustments. Given it is persuasive role on performance; therefore, it is serious important for managers or bosses to know the role of self-efficacy within the workplace (Talkdesk, 2013). Self-efficacy affects employees’ performance in workplace in the various ways, such as; Self-efficacy views disturb the choices one has to make and the opinion of trial of their goals and their level of obligation to individual goals. Now with that being said, employees with low levels of self-efficacy tend to choose less challenging goals for themselves and the employees with high level of self-efficacy tend to choose more challenging goals for him. Secondly, Employees perform and use effort at levels dependable with
INTRODUCTION Richard Hackman & Greg Oldham has development a model which specifically addresses job design. The model relates to job characteristics to psychological states and personal and work outcome. It can be used to predict whether positive work and personal outcomes can be achieve from a job as it exists or with redesign. This model diagnoses and design jobs to fit employees. When applying this model to retain the employee in the IT industry, its strengths are immediately apparent.
The level of knowledge gained from hired engineer’s previous firm increases at first and then decreases as the technological overlap between hiring and engineer’s previous firm increases. Team effects on knowledge acquisition and learning-by-hiring. Knowledge-intensive work is often organized around project teams. Teamwork setting at the workplace, characterised by proximity and frequent interaction, facilitates transfer of tacit knowledge among team members, which is not the case for relatively more indepent working employees. Weick and Roberts (1993) showed that colleagues who work in teams that require seamless integration of their knowledge and skills develop a "collective mind".
Hours of work went up dramatically due to the mass production. We gained economic efficiency and productivity, but with that system we sacrificed social intimacy and psychological security by introducing a hierarchical organization structure. With the advent of industrialization, a unique hierarchical style of managing a factory emerged. People higher up in the hierarchy started instructing the ship-floor workers, “Do what I tell. Do not worry about what people around you are doing.