(6)Learners must be ready to acquire the points being taught. It means using materials to prepare learners to focus on features of the target language which they haven’t learned yet, so they might be attentive to learn these features. (7) Materials should expose learners to language in authentic use. It means they should provide learners with advice and instructions for their activities, spoken language, and written text. (8) The learners’ attention should be drawn to the linguistic features of the input.
They can be the source of a significant amount of reading material. They can be fun and when it is fun, students learn! They help students produce excellent published works. For teachers the advantages lie in the ability to individualize instruction according to the different learning styles and needs of the students. They are able to monitor and evaluate individual student performance (correct errors on an individual basis).
However, teacher is the person whose main aim is to reveal every single side of inner talent of each student. Teacher can change the life of students, motivate them and inspire. A really good teacher in fact becomes a role model for students. In the most cases, students tend to follow their educator in almost every aspect. The teachers' not indifferent attitude will have an influence on students.
It is means that, in teaching speaking, teacher must be responsible to provide several strategies to make the situation in learning process effective. One of the strategies is using picture. Since, it raises students up to increase their speaking fluency in order that, this strategy is an effective way to applied for every students. This strategy can motivate and build their critical thinking indirectly. According to Burn and Joyce (1997) Speaking is an interactive process such as producing something
Teachers must be able to make clear to their students the declarative and procedural knowledge the students are meant to learn. To this end, teachers must communicate instructional goals that are challenging, and that motivate learners to align their efforts with the demands of the goal and prompt them to invest mental effort in the learning task. Students need to know why they are studying speaking. Providing them with a rationale for the causes may help them see how speaking ability relates to their daily conversation and very important to be mastered when learning foreign language. 2.4.
It is very important to teach the students the meaning of words instead of just how to pronounce them. This is because vocabulary really plays a crucial role for students that is not only required in academic but as well for practical in everyday life. A major source of not fluent in language speech is a limited vocabulary. In order to improve the vocabulary acquisition of language learners, teachers must consider how words are learned. According to Kuo and Anderson (2006), the knowledge of morphology comprises primarily knowledge about the pairing of sound and meaning in a language and the word formation rules that guide the possible combination of morphemes.
Visual learners prefer a visual such as look at the teacher’s face intently, often recognize words by sight, use list to recognise their thoughts and recall information by remembering how it was set out on a page. Teaching method for visual learning is use many visuals in the classroom. For example, wall displays posters, graphic organizers. Auditory learners prefer an auditory learning style such as the teacher to provide verbal instructions, like dialogues, discussions and plays. Auditory learner also solve problem by talking about them and use rhythm and sound as memory aids.
He has to understand that every learner has its own way of learning. Realizing what types of learners they are will help students to improve their learning. It will also be useful for teachers because they can adapt their lessons for every learner and satisfy their needs. Visual Visual learners learn using maps, images, and other graphic organizers. It helps them to assimilate their knowledge better.
Visual students are they who learn effectively and efficiently through seeing thing. The more the students are able to see the information, the easier they learn it. They tend to learn by using textbooks, worksheets, written notes, etc. According to Mortensen (2008, p. 3) as cited in Fauziati (2005, p.16), learning activities that suit to the visual learners are; drawing a map, making outlines of everything, copying what’s on the board, asking the teacher for diagram, etc. Furthermore, visual learners are commonly have some characteristics; good at spelling but forget names, need quite study time, have to think awhile before understanding lecture, like colors & fashion, understand charts, etc.
Effective teachers have the power to inspire learners to play with ideas, think deeply about the subject matter, take on more challenging work, and even follow careers in a specific field of study, however this is all possible if the teacher has the passion in what they do. The reason why some teachers are infective is because they lack subject knowledge and teaching skills, they are not enthusiastic (Schacter & Thum (2004), Adediwura & Tayo (2007) and Adu& Olatundun, 2007). A lecturer cannot teach what she or he does not know, because the ability of a lecturer to teach effectively rest on the ability the teacher has. And this is why it’s a challenge for many lecturers in failing to engage in intellectual discussions with students during their lessons or fail to explain the content clarity to students when they encounter difficulties. Therefore, a lecturer who has an understanding of subject content is mostly able to use clear examples to simplify the background of the subject to students.