The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful and successful nations in world history. A large part of the empire’s success was due to their superior military, including their intense training and cunning tactics. The notable wars that will be discussed were turning points in Rome’s history, and helped shaped the empire to become one of the most powerful, and influential, civilizations that have ever been studied. To become a Roman soldier, one first had to reach the necessary level of training. Roman soldiers focused on fitness in order to withstand any physical obstacles in battle.
Webb’s “Depth of Knowledge” Levels Homework #18: DOK Level 1 – Question: Who were the Spartans? The Spartans were basically the soldiers of the Ancient Greek city-state, Sparta. The Spartans devoted all their time to the military, partaking in military training, hunting and war battles. They lived a frugal lifestyle and without any luxuries. They were taught to be brave and courageous at a very young age, soon evolving into soldiers for the military.
Sparta was once one of the most important Greek city-states throughout Greece, famous for their military lifestyle. When you think of a Spartan warrior, you vision a man with huge muscles, red cloaks, long hair, and sharp swords. Spartan warriors were the best and feared fighters in Greece, they spend their whole lives learning new fighting techniques and serving their home, Sparta. At around six or seven years old, young boys would be taken from their homes to be trained as Spartan warriors.
The ancient powerhouse of Greece, Sparta, was a city-state that was based around military. They were known for many reasons and continue to influence history today. The Spartans reached the top of their run of success after defeating the Athenians in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C). The ideals and morals of the Spartans were based upon loyalty to the military and the entire city-state. Many scholars idolize the Spartans because of the rights that women held and their place in society.
The Roman armies used to be comprised of volunteers but after being defeated, they were determined to make their army better. They did this through vigorous trainings. Roman soldiers called legionaries, were forced to march for long distances carrying heavy loads. Every year, senior military officers, called Tribunes, would select the strongest men to be part of the army. In the end, the Romans became professional in fighting and had one of the most disciplined armies.
No military force had ever been brought together larger than what the Persians brought together. No military had ever trained and valued war as much as the Greeks had. Two runaway trains were headed right towards one another. One of the
The nobles were at the top of the social hierarchy. Their job was to provide work, land, and protection to the peasants. They also provided funding, supplies, and military service to the king. The nobility often engaged in warfare for entertainment and protection to the citizens.
The middle ages was a difficult time period that resulted in famine, death, and poverty. During this time period a new system of government rose called the feudal system. The feudal system was a system of government that had social classes with kings being at the top and the peasants at the bottom with the nobles and knights in the middle. In the system the nobles/knights offered protection to the peasants in return for manual labor. All the different social classes had different standards of life but they were all crucial to the organization of the feudal system..
Firstly, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. At the age of seven, boys were taken from their parents and sent to live in the military barracks. They were treated harshly to make them tough so that they would be fierce warriors. When they reached the age of twenty, they were placed in the
In comparison to other states of ancient Greece, Spartans were less cultured, due to their nominal interest in material possession. The Spartans while civilized and educated were less intrigued within the buildings of large monuments , than some of their Greek counterparts. Moreover, education was vital to the Spartans. Although their priority relied on military and combat over anything else, in many ways intelligence and knowledge were also important to succeed in war. Spartans’ would teach young children more than just the perplexing theories of war and strength.
The main goal was to produce citizens who were trained in the arts and in war. Philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato taught the youth of Athens and convinced the people to think logistically, through teaching methods such as the Socratic Method where the teacher questioned the student, which eventually led to a reasonable answer. Furthermore, according to Pericles “There is a difference in our educational systems. The Spartans, from their earliest boyhood, are submitted into the most laborious training in courage; we pass our lives without all these restrictions, and yet are just as ready to face the same dangers as they are.” This is very true, in Sparta they spent little time educating the young men and women, but focusing mostly on gymnastics and brutal military exercises where they were taught strength and hardship.
During this process they would have hours upon hours of training and they also taught them to feel no pain by whipping them with a whip while they were tied up against a pole, and if they were to wine or cry they would be whipped more. The young boys would also have to spar against full grown Spartan men. In this camp they taught the famous battle formation called “the Phalanx.” This formation is a easy process in the start all the soldiers did was line up shield to shield and their shield would cover from neck to underneath the kneecap.
Sparta seemed to be more prepared for battle as was the case with Leonidas that the difference in Athens and Sparta is that when Athens was defeated it felt a sense of darkness and gloominess, which could be a direct cause of their system of democracy, (Brand, n.d.). It’s strange that the Spartan dictatorship was recognized in a better