The Importance Of Waste Management In Pakistan

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Environmental Sciences Waste Management Talal Bin Saad 2014381 Waste management has become increasingly important due to the huge amounts of waste generated by the human population which exceeds the amount of waste produced by any other species. This waste if improperly managed can cause health, safety and economic problems. This is why waste management has become so vital in the world of today. Pakistan generates about 20 million tonnes of solid waste annually, and its dumps have become a hub for child labor. “Some four million children, die each year from waste-related diseases in Pakistan”. (Environmental Protection Agency) Solid waste includes solids as well as semisolids, non-soluble materials (including gases and liquids in containers) such as agricultural refuse, demolition waste, industrial waste, mining residues, municipal garbage, and sewage sludge. Types of Waste: Solid waste can be classified into four categories: • Municipal solid waste • Industrial waste • Agricultural waste • Hazardous waste Solid waste can then be further divided in to the following different types of waste: • Biodegradable waste decomposes naturally such as food and kitchen waste, green waste, paper, etc. • Recyclable material can be recycled again and again; such as paper, glass, bottles, cans, metals, plastics, fabrics, clothes, batteries etc. • Inert waste not liable to decompose; such as construction and demolition waste, dirt, rocks, debris, etc. • Electrical and electronic waste such

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