China is the most populous country in the world and also a country of numerous farmers. China’s agriculture feeds a population of 1.37 billion of whose 48.8% of the population lives at the rural region. In the current situation, the rural population is 44.39% as per in the China (total % of the population). Land resources are scare: with 22% of the world’s population, china has only 8% of the world’s farmland about 0.1 hectares per capital. The portion of agriculture in China’s GDP dropped from 28.1% in 1978 to 11.8% in 2005.
Deforestation has a lot of negative effects on the Amazon Rainforest. Every time a tree falls down, there are fears that tribes won't be heard. Deforestation has led to decrease of native tribes. The Amazon Rainforest is a home to many native tribes and provides all they need. They fear that their tradition and culture might also disappear.
This is problematic for the indigenous people whose lives depend upon the on the resources the rainforest provides. The loss of culture and way of life that has lasted for many generations is now gone due to the effects of deforestation. The knowledge of the rainforest that the indigenous people hold about the medical plants is also lost due to this (Wilson). Many of the tribes are forced to change their location, which alters their way of
30 Nov. 2015. A third of the food produced today becomes thrown away. But, by 2050 the world will need to increase its food production by 60 percent to feed all the people. The total cost of food wastage is near 2.6 trillion dollars, including environmental costs and social costs. --- Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations.
Congo is the 6th most corrupt country in Africa in 2011 (Darly, 2012). Congo has almost over 80 million pieces of farm land but only 10 percent of them are being used. Only 10 percent of farmland is recognised as important as it’s mineral resources such as diamonds, tungsten and tin. Congo also has the largest production of oxygen for the world after the Amazon. It has the second largest supply of fresh water in the world and to add that the country has a huge hydropower potential (53% in Africa and 13.5% in the world) (Darly, 2012).
Food Insecurity The continuous increasing demand for the food requires the rapid improvement in food production technology. In a country like Ethiopia, the economy is mainly based on agriculture and the climate conditions are isotropic, still we are not able to make full usage of agricultural resources. The main reason is the lack of rains and scarcity of the land reservoir water in some areas of the country. The problem I address about my country is that Ethiopia is one of the countries among the third world countries facing food insecurity currently. It is believed that around 10.2 million people are getting hunger out of the total population of 100 million people.
The agricultural sector of Guatemala makes up 13.6% of the GDP and 31% of the labor force. The most important of these agricultural exports are sugar, coffee, a variety of vegetables, and bananas. The distribution of income in Guatemala is very unequal; the richest twenty percent of the population accounts for over 51% of Guatemala’s overall consumption. Over half of Guatemala’s population lives below the poverty line, and almost a fourth of this nation lives in extreme poverty. 79% of these people who live below the poverty line in extreme poverty are from indigenous groups.
Even developed nations are no exception for food wastage. In the US, 3.1 crore tones of food is being wasted every year. In Europe and North America, per capita food grains wastage stands at 95 to 115 kgs, whereas in Sub-Saharan Africa and East Asian countries, it stands at as low as 6 to 11 kgs. In poorer countries, loss is high at production stage, whereas in rich countries, wastage is high it consumption level. The wastage is high in fruits and vegetables which is nearly 50 percent.
According to The World Counts, “70% of our world’s plant and animal species live in forests,” and when deforestation happens, animals lose their habitats. When animals lose their habitat (Anadiplosis), they are not accustomed to their new surroundings and could potentially go extinct. Species depend on forests to survive and when the forests are cut down, the animals have nothing left. Forests are heavily depended on for resources and ways of life. The Pachamama Alliance Organization claims that, “the tropical rainforests of South America are responsible for 20% of earth’s oxygen.” This proves the earth relies greatly on forests and may suffer consequences because of the speedy rate trees are being cut
At the G-8 meeting in 2009, it was realized that agriculture is two times as effective at reducing poverty as other industries. That meeting also created $22 billion of investments for agricultural development and food security. Obama created the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition which is a private sector for investments toward African Agriculture, 70 local and global companies invested around $3.75 billion. Although, many obstacles are presenting themselves which are creating some of our goals farther and farther out of reach. With a population expected to be reaching the 9 million mark in 2050, the current food production needs to double to be able to feed all.
Moreover, deforestation makes the soil weak creating erosion and in the long run, it could affect the agriculture. In addition, when deforestation becomes a situation of consideration, others systems do so. For instance, the water cycle can be affected since trees are responsible of evaporating the water, which then is condensed and then reaches again the trees to complete the cycle. Nonetheless, as many trees have been burned to make different uses of the land, the water cycle cannot be as efficient as it used to be. Therefore, different parts of the world can be affected by deforestation of the Amazon forest.