Each year diseases caused by polluted drinking waters like cholera and typhoid kill 250 million people worldwide. 15 million of these people being children under the age of five. It is estimated that about 1000 children die every day in India due to polluted water. About 700 million people worldwide drink contaminated water. Just over 25 years ago only one-third of the United States’ waters were safe for fishing and swimming.
Around the globe every minute a child dies because of water-related disease, Women spend hours walking to collect water, it has been estimated 1 in 9 people lack access to safe water, hospital bed spaces are occupied majorly people related to water-borne diseases. Clean water is essential for both mental and physical development. Lead in tap water causes many birth defects. Thousands of contaminants are present in tap water which are even poisonous. For every spent on water and sanitation there is a double return to the economic.
Half of the world's hospital beds are filled with people suffering from a water related disease. In these developing countries, about eighty percent of ailments are connected to neglected water and sanitation settings. One out of every five deaths under the age of five worldwide is due to a water-related disease (World Health Organization). It is estimated that nearly ten percent of the global disease burden could be reduced through improved water supply, sanitation, hygiene, and water resource management (UN Water). Ninety percent of the deaths due to diarrheal diseases are children under five years old, mostly in developing countries (UN Water).
Many unknown micro-contaminants are present in water. Some of the micro-contaminations might pose a risk to drinking water and human health. In many countries, surface water is one of the main sources of drinking water. The quality of the drinking water is influenced by many factors, such as agricultural and industrial waste, and is monitored regularly. Stated by the Journal of Chromatography, there are many techniques such as gas and liquid chromatography in order to detect the pollutants.
Furthermore, “less than 50 percent of households have access to safe water and only 25 percent benefit from adequate sanitation” (“10 Facts”). Similar to the aforementioned statistic of children living with malnutrition, it is astounding that less than half the population has access to clean water. When people are not able to drink sanitary water, it has an immediate negative effect on the body. They do not receive enough supplements or minerals that are found in clean water, making them more inclined to get sick. Considering everyone, not just children, has limited access to clean water or a generous food supply, the range of people affected is only
Too much chemicals in the water like lead, sulfur, chloride and fluoride can cause birth defects, cancer, Flu like symptoms. The chemicals in the water are supposed to provide a level of sanitation to the water. The issue with this though is that the chemicals added cannot be taken out of the water people drink. Every community has a water sample chart for what goes into their water. This was create by the federal government to provide the population with info about what is in the water.
Lab 2 – Water Quality and Contamination Experiment 1: Effects of Groundwater Contamination Table 1: Water Observations (Smell, Color, Etc.) Beaker Observations 1 There was no smell 2 When I pour the oil in the water I noticed the oil started to bubble to the top. So I got to stir the oil that’s when there were smaller bubbles. As I smell the water there was no smell to the water.
It looks and smells dissatisfactory. Polluted water isn’t just deadly, it is also deadly. About 1.8 million people die every year of diarrheal diseases like cholera. In nature, water is cleaned slowly. It takes months or even years.
Introduction Public water fluoridation was first practiced in 1945 (Water Fluoridation and Cancer Risk). Therefore adding fluoride to water has been in practice for many years. Over the years people have wondered if fluoride is safe or even necessary. There are those that are for the addition to fluoride while many oppose water fluoridation. There have been mixed emotions about this in Georgia along with other states as well.
Stop Taking Clean Water for Granted Can you stop for a moment and think what would happen if we didn’t have water; clean water? It seems impossible, as we use water to drink, cook, clean, grow things, and for everything else in life. Unfortunately, because of the easy access to one of the most plentiful, and most valuable resources in the world, some people take water for granted. In contrast, other poor people live in places where the only easy way to get water is from a dirty irrigation ditch. Or their only source of water is backyard faucet shared by several homes.
Lake Erie has been a huge topic for Ohioans due to how polluted the water is. Lake Erie is Ohio's biggest water source, and that being polluted is not good for Ohio and other states that use Lake Erie’s water. Though this is not the first time this has happened before, in 1960 the lake was VERY polluted due to heavy industries lined up on the shore lines. Lake Erie called the “Dead Lake” for how much pollution was in it, and how many dead fish there were.
MAJOR PROBLEM: SINGAPORE WATER SHORTAGE ISSUE Short history of Singapore: Singapore gained independence on 9th August in 1965 from the merger with Malaysia. After its separation from Malaysia, Singapore faces major problem in many areas. Singapore is a small island of area size of 718.3km square. Given her limited land capacity, Singapore face a severe lack of natural resources such as water. In the ’60s and ’70s, Singapore was heavily reliant on imported water from Malaysia and faced urbanisation challenges such as polluted rivers, water shortages and widespread flooding.
LITERATURE REVIEW What is water pollution? As the country is becoming more and more populated, the demands for social services have increased significantly. This has led to an increase of the pollution in many developing towns such as Ga-kgapane. The most disturbing and problematic forms of pollution in Ga-kgapane is the pollution of the natural streams. Water pollution is when there is a build of one or more substances in water to such an extent that it causes problems for animals or plants.
Water is the most important component found on the surface of the earth because it is source of life for living creatures. However, water pollution has become a global concern. Water pollution can have several forms from diverse sources. It is expected that there will be a lack of clean water in next few decades due to pollution. Nile river water in Egypt is the focus of attention of many studies due to many reasons. The first reason is because it is water used by over 13 million inhabitants in Cairo, as well as, other cities. The second reason is that, the Nile is the longest river in the world, flowing northward from its source in Tanzania to its outlet in the Mediterranean Sea, a distance of 6695 km. The Nile water source is tainted by pesticides, sewage, nutrients, and heavy metals. One of the most important causes of Nile contamination is discharging of industrial facilities (Mohamed et al., 1998). Factory waste contains heavy metals such as, Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb) and Copper (Cu), which cause toxicity. In this essay, the discussion will point to Nile contamination as a controversial issue and highlight some health problems which occur as consequences of using polluted water in Egypt. Likewise, the essay will raise some scientific methods to determine the percentage of heavy metal in water supported by example. Then it will suggest some chemical technical solutions to reduce the percentage of heavy metals in Nile and reuse it again for many purposes.