The Importance Of Wind Dispersal

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All plants must disperse seeds in order for the seeds to germinate in different areas, reduce competition, sustain the species, and increase survival rates. Germinate means for a seed to begin developing. If plants dropped seeds together by the roots of the parent plant, the young plants would struggle to grow with the challenge of competition for resources. Relocating seeds to other locations can increase the rate of survivability of a species if a disaster occurs. Plants then use different methods to disperse seeds including water, wind, and animals. Wind dispersal is usually utilized by plants with small, lightweight seeds. Trees produce seed with stiff wings or weightless fluff in order to catch the wind to carry the seeds. Some types of seeds are the helicopter, parachute, glider, flutterer, cottony seeds, and tumbleweeds. These utilize the wind to move the individual seed pods. Also taking advantage of the wind, some plants with stalks will disperse seeds by allowing the wind to bend the stalks and let the seeds pour out the pods. These seeds are set near the parent plant, but are far enough away to cause minimal competition. Animal dispersal is another method of seed dispersal. Some plants will produce fruits that are vibrant in color and contain a sweet pulp to attract animals to eat the fruits, then later these animals drop the seeds through fecal matter. Like squirrels, animals also collect seeds to bury for later. Animals may forget about the seeds

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