INTRODUCTION There are several types of congenital craniofacial anomalies, most frequent of which are orofacial clefts that encompass the cleft lip and palate (CLP), which occurs when embryonic facial processes fail to unite (1). The complications associated with CLP are maxillary growth aberrations and high occurrence of Class III malocclusions. In children with CLP, aberrations in number, size, shape, and period of tooth formation are more common than in the non-cleft population. Orthodontic abnormalities such as crowding, rotation, and malposition of teeth are also frequent in patients with CLP (2). ‘In the orthodontic context, an index is used to designate a rating or as a categorising system that assigns a numerical score or alphanumeric label to a person’s occlusion’ (3).
This neuropathological lesions are located especially in the brain cortex, in the tempoparietal areas. Clinically, AD is defined by the existence of a dementia and a progressive cognitive and functional deterioration, with the gradual appearance of psychological and behavioural alterations. The disease is of a complex, multifunctional and multigene ethology, which from the genetic point of view can be defined as heterogeneous since it can be represented as a familial or sporadic pattern. The onset age varies widely, and this can be the base for classifying the disease’s onset as early or late, being the usual cut point 60/65 years old. In the typical AD development, the disease’s onset is dated around the age of 65, approximately 50% of the cases.
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Situation Analysis For every stage of development there are critical periods which affect the development of the individual (Papalia & Olds, 2009). Specifically, childhood is one of these stages. Childhood years, from ages of nine-12 years old, are very crucial and fragile in the development of an individual for it is in this stage when they begin to be aware of negative feelings. These are the times when children experience fears, phobias, anxiety, problems and issues that would affect their future development. According to Erikson, when children equate their own abilities to those of their peers, they build a sense of who they are.
The damage occurs in different parts of the brain due to which the motor control is affected extensively. Therefore, motor skill development analysis is used at different intervals so that key developmental milestones are determined. Delay in motor development is the key indicator in the case of cerebral palsy. The paediatrician analyses posture, muscle tone, reflex irregularly, balance, movement control, and coordination and others (Krägeloh-Mann & Cans, 2009). Cerebral palsy is regarded as the lifetime disease that cannot be cured
Finally, the vegetative state can be a as a result of progressive brain damage. This is a situation where the brain gets damaged gradually as a result of diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease or a brain tumour and eventually leads to the individual going into a vegetative state (Gosseries et al, 2011). Categories of the Vegetative stage There are two categories of the vegetative state depending on the length that the patient has been in the state. The two categories are the following: i. Continuing/ persistent vegetative
Memory is the process of encoding, storing and retrieving and also includes the ability later recall information and experiences gained in the past within the brain. It can be also described as the process of maintaining information overtime. It is also said that “our lives are the sum of our memories”, which gives out an idea of how important memory is to a human brain. Everything we use in our day today lives depends on memories which are the past experiences we went through and it is the ability to remember our past. Memory is a significant component when it comes to learning.
The information we gathered yesterday, those we are gathering today, and those we look forward to gathering tomorrow are all part of our memory. Our memory is so vital in recalling events in our lives that if it is lost, we would not be able to effectively function; in order words, it allows us to have continuity in our lives. According to McLeod (2007), “Memory is the term given to the structures and processes involved in the storage and subsequent retrieval of information.” (p. 1). Therefore, there are certain important stages of information processing that ensure that the information received is retained in our memory; they include encoding, storage and retrieval. Encoding is the conversion of information from our sensory receptors, by the brain.
School management software takes care of the system more effectively in all means. Time table management: Creating timetable manually is a very confusing and time consuming task. Lots of effort is put for it. In such situations, Time table Management Software acts as a best solution. Time table Management Software not only creates efficient timetables but also helps in overall administrative and academic management of a school.
Their results suggested that older learners have a higher level of problem solving and met linguistics abilities than younger learners. Moreover, other researchers highlighted other problems that face older learners such pronunciation, syntax and grammatical morphemes. What follows is a presentation of some of the studies that dealt with second language