Caste was wrongly conceived as a simple static socio-cultural phenomenon ignoring the political and economic underpinnings. In our view, caste has been a dynamic system, and as such it dropped always some elements which became non-functional or dysfunctional, and incorporated new ones. This scale of hierarchization has not been static and regimented. Rigidity- fluidity has co-existed along with pure and impure syndrome, economic and political considerations have prevailed. New dimensions have always been added to the caste system either when it became too static and rigid or when upper caste hegemony became unbearable for the lower castes and they mobilized anti- upper caste
Caste and class have been a determining factor of a person’s status, place and position in the social hierarchy from the ancient Vedic times, to the modern era. The caste system, which was said to be introduced in ancient period to regulate and discipline the society and its smooth functioning, has paved way to discrimination and degradation. The four Varnas: Brahmin, Kshtriya, Vaishya and Shudra not only provided social stratification in a hierarchical manner but also assigned people an identity by their work and limited their social mobility. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar said that “caste system is not merely division of labourers- which is quite different from division of labour – it is a hierarchy in which the divisions of labourers’ are graded one
And also due to an upsurge in caste based parties that made the politics of lower caste empowerment a central part of their political agenda. It should be pointed out that these new political parties emerged not on a national level but on a village and regional level, and were most dominant in North India. This also weakened the influence of caste and clientelism on Indian politics (Chapaitkar, 2013). The Indian Caste System is historically one of the main dimensions where people in India are socially differentiated through class, religion, region, tribe, gender, and language. The Indian Caste System is considered a closed system of stratification, which means that a person’s social status is obligated to which caste they were born into.
Push factors involve: • Class and Caste structure- G.S Ghurye in his polemical work had stratified the Indian society into different segments and established the functioning of different divisions by calling each division a caste. According to him, caste system is a very intrinsic part of the Indian society. However, the stratification of society into different caste groups led to the emergence of various classes and adversely contributed to human trafficking. The people of the lower castes were always subject to exploitation by the upper castes. As the upper castes enjoyed a certain degree of influence and respectability in the society, the lower castes not being the owner of such powers and privileges, were subject to victimization on account of their vulnerability.
In India the infamous caste system determines a person’s position from birth and remains throughout their life similar to feudalism in medieval Europe. However, some societies have provided methods of social mobility based on personal achievement to reduce some of the inequality that persists with stratification. This meritocracy ideology is fundamental to the “American Dream”, that anyone can become anything if they work hard. It sounds perfect, but sadly marginalization tends to limit the disadvantaged and less privileged. Social stratification is not solely based on economic class, a society’s beliefs and values also play a major role.
Introduction Almost every society in the world has a form of social classification or division. In India, the most prominent division is the caste system. The caste system is mainly associated with Hindus but many social scientists claim that this system exists in other religions within different parts of India. There are two parts to the caste system. The first are Varnas and the second are Jatis.
In India in particular, the seed of differences in the minds of man lay scattered in different forms and nourished by the ideological and religious patterns of behaviour in the society. Discriminations are man-made and they get legitimised in a patriarchal society. Since time immemorial, the country has been witnessing caste, class and gender playing its cardinal role of creating rifts and causing conflicts and dilemmas within the socio-cultural structure and simultaneously paving a place of its own in the social and literary tenets as reflections. Chakravarti in Gendering Caste: Through a Feminist Lens opines: Class, caste and gender are inextricably linked; they interact with and shape each other: the structure of marriage, sexuality and reproduction is the fundamental basis of caste system. It is also fundamental to the way inequality is sustained: the structure of marriage reproduces both class and caste inequality and thus the entire production system works through its tightly controlled system of reproduction.
They protected their rights in the context of caste hierarchy at the public functions like a fair in villages, marriage ceremony and certain hereditary rights. As Amrutnak belonged to Mahar caste, the fifty-two rights were given to the Mahar caste people only. Other untouchable castes were not bestowed such rights. The untouchable castes had accepted the icons from their castes. Chokhamela has used the icon of Mahar caste people whereas Rohidas was used the icon of Chamar caste people.
Introduction Caste system in India is system of social stratification. The Indian Caste System is historically one of the primary criteria where individuals in India are socially separated through class, religion, region, tribe, gender, and dialect. Despite this fact also different types of differentiation exist in every single human societies, it turns into an issue when one or a greater amount of dimensions cover one another and turn into the sole premise of systematic positioning and unequal access to esteemed assets like riches, wage, influence and esteem. The Indian Caste System is viewed as a closed system of stratification, which implies that a man 's social status is committed to which caste they were naturally born to. There are limits on cooperation and conduct with individuals from another social status.
The caste system Is a form of social stratification which divides Hindus into different social classes. This class system can be traced as far back as 3000 years. One’s caste is determined by birth and cannot be changed throughout one’s lifetime. The caste system is a rigid system which dictates almost every step of someone’s life, members of upper and lower classes lived extremely segregated lives, one may not marry outside one’s caste and water wells may not be shared. The ones who probably have it the worst are the dalits, or “the untouchables”, the are the lowest, most oppressed members of society, they are very limited in what they are allowed to do, they are literally not allowed to touch a member of a higher caste (but a member of