The Indian Caste System In The Panchayat System

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The Indian caste system place some strong communitarian checks n individual agency, The economic man did not have primacy but was subordinate. A kinship system determined occupation, with some similarities to Plato’s ideas. However, the system of castes proliferated as the trend within Indian society was absorptive rather than exclusive. Thus rather than exterminate outsiders, they were given a cell within the catacomb f Indian society. Within their caste they had some freedom and agency, and were free of coercion and exploitation, Caste mobility was possible and kinship groups were created, the system had a certain degree of flexibility and adaptability. However, the system was always challebnged by free thinkers and was daptable to them.…show more content…
There was always a concept of balance of power and checks on the power of the monarch, even constitutional monarchy. The system had a capacity for rich cultural creativity, and it would have been interesting to see it develop along its own lines. There was always an element of affirmation and struggle, a Kshatriya element in Indian society. Buddhism and its asceticism, as well as Jainism tapped into another strain within Indian society. Sikhism arguably brought together the two strains. Islam left Indian society alone beyond a point and it’s encroachments did not cross a certain limit. There was a zone of cultural and ethnic intermixing that occurred and the Muslim rulers in time became as Indian as anyone else. The false ideology of the British that India was a barbarian land which they had civilized and unified was responsible for the mischief of the idea that only a centralized unity was appropriate to India. The western ideology of the centralized state, of a dichotomy between economic planning and hyper market capitalism, of a mixture of class hierarchy and social fluidity were all elements that came to dominate the mind of the English educated bourgeoisie who were deracinated and…show more content…
The balkanization and fratricide of Europe that led to millions of deaths and massive devastation had harmful effects in India too. Islam too believed in a higher unity. Before the western intrusion, Islam and Hinduism had coexisted and found a balance; they were both a part of India. Indeed India was a very different concept from anything the Europeans knew with their balkanized state system locked in cut throat combat and their anomic society, caught in a transition from feudalism to capitalism, Their own social breakdown they spread into India, their relationships had become fluid and their society had lost cohesion, a capitalist class had grown and old beliefs had become hollowed-this is arguably reverse orientalist. All this they spread into their India colony during the long years of their hegemony. Where they were deficient they forced others to be so too, only they were valid however riddled with weaknesses and evils, others had no validity and would be forced onto the same path. Their own hyper fluid, pathologically feverish and ever changing society would be forced onto others and their weaknesses made to seem like

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