That is to say the native speakers of English are not confined to Great Britain alone, but are spread over three continents of the world, namely Australia, Europe and the United States of America. It is historical accident which led English to take deep roots also in other continents like Africa and Asia. There were many countries which became the colonies of Great Britain and since the day they came under British rule, English has been taught and used as a medium of communication there. In countries like India, Ceylon, Singapore, Pakistan, Nigeria, Zambia etc., English is still
French language is the most internationally significant language in the world. French is the second language, after English, for the most number of countries where it has official language status. Apart from English, French is the only language, which is taught in every country of the world. At present, French has 120 million students and 2 million teachers, 20 percent of whom are outside of French-speaking countries. The number of French speaking population has become three times since 1945.
French dominates in southern areas and in the capital, whereas Dutch is more prominent in the north. Because of these divisions between countries each society or community speech has the right to use its official language. For example, in Brussels, which is a bilingual community, as Willemyens has mentioned in his article that “one’s official language is not a matter of personal choice but of the territory one lives in” (254). In Flemish community the language of the instructions and of the public administration is Dutch. In French community the language of education instructions is French.
Like what I have said earlier, French language is spoken as a first language in France. Actually beside France, other places like Luxembourg, Belgium, Monaco, and Switzerland in Europe, Algeria, Burkina Faso, and Cameroon in Africa, Canada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, and Martinique in the Americas and the
For example Standard English English, Standard American English, Standard Australian English, Standard Indian English. Standardization is applied so that all the standard varieties of English are found in English literature. It achieved its diversity through contact with other languages spoken in multiple places. English is used as a second language that means a language used along with the mother tongue as an official language in many countries across the world. We can see this in South Asia and Africa where English is used as a means of communication as well as an official language that everyone can understand, for example in India, English is given the status of official language along with Hindi.
BASIC CONSIDERATION There are two great languages in the world namely English and Arabic. English is considered to be the foremost international language. That it’s to say that it is the most important and often used as a mean of communication all over the world. Arabic is one of the oldest languages in the world. It belongs to Semitic family of language.
The term Global English has become fashionable in recent years .This term refers to the uses of the English language internationally, especially with or among non-native English speakers. As pointed out above, English is present in wide area as a language of instruction in non English-speaking nations, specifically in programs created to reach and engage foreign students. For example, within Europe, English is becoming more and more important in various programs, particularly in Master 's degree programmes and those attracting students from Asia because it is used as the medium of instruction. In many non English-speaking nations, students are interested in learning English and obtaining degrees from English-speaking institutions, however, few English-speaking students are interested in having a good command other languages and obtaining degrees from non English-speaking nations. This is understandable considering English is the main language of commerce, trade and the occupations and the only global language of science, investigation and academic publication.
English is today one of the most widespread languages in the world as a result of the British colonial expansion started in the seventeenth century. The colonial era is now over but its consequences are visible in the presence of English as an official language in many of the former colonies, and in addition, the contact between English and native languages created some linguistic varieties also called pidgins and creoles still spoken in many parts of the world. The varieties of English are divided into geographical groups, the main two groups are English of the British Isles and English of America. For each there are standard forms and sub varieties. In America there is a standard form of English which is referred to as General American or Network English.
In addition to English language including the Indo-European language family is the Germanic branch of German, Dutch, Afrikaans, Yiddish, Frisian language. The history of the English language at the start since 449 AD. The original English language is the language of the Celts and the English name when it was called the Celts. Examples of the word Celt language used until now is "London", the subsequent development of many tribal nations who invaded the British nations such as Germany, France, Viking (Norway). After the invasion of the Celts tribal german language changes that eventually became English language and was known until now.
In fact, this should not be viewed in isolation of the global context of the role of English language in the world. As a consequence of the past colonial history and the continuing globalisation movement, English has become a dominant lingua franca in the world. English is seen today in the world as the language of science, technology, banking industry, international diplomacy, international communication, international business, and the internet. According to Kachru’s (1992) model for the spread of the English language in the world, it comprises three concentric circles: the Inner Circle, the Outer Circle and the Expanding Circle. Crystal (1997) provides some widely cited estimations for the number of people who speak or use English in these three circles.